Chronic Disease

Reports of high-impact chronic disease studies by medical professionals

Updated JNC 8 guidelines for antihypertensive drugs released

Image: PD  1. Unlike the JNC 7 guidelines, JNC 8 guidelines do not focus on the definition of hypertension and pre hypertension. Instead it aims...

Silent myocardial infarctions more common than previously assumed

Image: PD 1. The prevalence of silent myocardial infarction (MI) in patients referred for coronary artery disease (CAD) evaluation is higher than previously thought, approaching...

New ACC/AHA cholesterol guidelines emphasize the appropriate-level statin treatment

Image: PD 1. New clinical guidelines from the American College of Cardiology (ACC) and the American Heart Association (AHA) recommend statin use in certain patient...

Cognitive dysfunction is common in lacunar stroke patients

Image: CC/GGeek. Lacunar Infarct Key study points: Lacunar strokes are a common occurrence in patients with vascular risk factors and can lead to a wide range...

Free drug samples may alter prescription habits of dermatologists

Image: PD 1. For treatment of acne vulgaris, 79% of nationwide prescriptions were written for brand-name generic and brand-name drugs, whereas a large academic medical...

Varicella vaccine provides 14-year protection against chicken pox

Image: PD 1. The varicella (VZV) vaccine was 90% effective in preventing moderate to severe chicken pox over a 14-year period.  2. Risk of herpes zoster...

Remote ischemic preconditioning reduced myocardial injury in CABG patients

Image: PD  1. Remote ischemic preconditioning in CABG patients decreased myocardial injury in the first 72 hours after surgery. 2. All-cause mortality and rates of major...

Telemedicine screening for diabetic retinopathy may be cost-effective

Image: PD  1. Telemedicine screening for diabetic retinopathy is cost-effective in populations over 3,500 and under the age of 80. 2. The ratio of average cost...

Romosozumab significantly increases bone mineral density in postmenopausal women

Image: PD 1. Romosozumab, an anti-sclerostin antibody, significantly increased bone mineral density in postmenopausal women compared to placebo.  2. When given monthly at a dose of...

Prone positioning decreases mortality in severe ARDS (PROSEVA Trial)

Image: CC/JHeilman 1. ICU patients with severe Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) who underwent prone positioning had lower 28-day and 90-day mortality rates than those...

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