Surgery

Reports of high-impact surgery studies by medical professionals

Intraoperative dexamethasone not effective at reducing major complications or mortality in infants undergoing cardiac...

1. The use of intraoperative dexamethasone in infants undergoing elective cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass did not significantly reduce major complications or mortality compared...

Proton pump inhibitor use associated with increased mortality risk in kidney transplant patients

1. PPI use may be associated with an increased mortality risk in patients who have received kidney transplants. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs)...

Carotid endarterectomy vs initial medical therapy in asymptomatic carotid stenosis

1. Absolute risk reduction of stroke in asymptomatic carotid stenosis was significantly lower than it was two decades ago. 2. Advances in stroke prevention suggest...

Bariatric surgery and long-term survival in patients with obesity and end-stage kidney disease

1. Bariatric surgery for patients with obesity and end-stage kidney disease was associated with lower all-cause mortality at 5 years. Evidence Rating: 2 (Good) Obesity...

Gastric bypass surgery more effective than medical therapy alone for achieving microalbuminuria remission in...

1. Patients who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric (RYGB) surgery had higher rates of microalbuminuria remission when compared to those who received only medical treatment at...

Compression stockings do not add clinical benefit to pharmaco-thromboprophylaxis

1. For patients who underwent elective surgery and were at moderate to high risk of venous thromboembolism, pharmaco-thromboprophylaxis with low molecular weight heparin alone...

Mortality and pulmonary complications in patients undergoing surgery with perioperative SARS-CoV-2 infection: an international...

1. In patients with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection within 7 days before or 30 days after surgery, significant mortality was observed, and perioperative pulmonary complications...

Congenital heart surgery may affect long-term social outcomes

1. Patients who underwent congenital heart surgery (CHS) had lower rates of advanced educational levels and employment and higher rates of retirement when compared...

Carotid endarterectomy and medical therapy reveal similar effectiveness in asymptomatic carotid stenosis

1. In patients with asymptomatic carotid stenosis, there was no significant difference between the comparative effectiveness of initial medical therapy versus carotid endarterectomy. 2. The...

Emergency general surgery linked to greater risk of venous thromboembolism than elective surgery

1. Patients undergoing emergency general surgery in a retrospective cohort study were at nearly twice the risk of venous thromboembolism when compared to patients...
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