Tag: adolescent medicine

1. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) encourages pediatricians to incorporate the Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) practice to adolescent visits. 2. The AAP continues to advocate for greater funding, research, and expansion of programs related to decreasing adolescent substance abuse. Rundown: Given the extensive direct and indirect...
1. Only 13 percent of female cancer survivors reported feeling informed about fertility preservation options. 2. Up to 62 percent of female cancer survivors surveyed reported unmet information need across a range of fertility topics and unmet need correlated with likelihood of pursuing post cancer treatment fertility preservation. Evidence Rating Level:...
1. Exposure to electronic cigarette advertising was greater among middle and high school students who use electronic cigarettes compared to nonusers. 2. The odds of electronic cigarette use increased with greater exposure to electronic cigarette advertising, with Internet advertisements having the strongest effect. Study Rundown: Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use has been...
1. Adolescents with atypical anorexia nervosa (restrictive eating disorder but patients are normal weight) were more likely to have been overweight/obese, to have lost more weight, and to have lost weight over a more extended period of time when compared to adolescents with full anorexia nervosa. 2. Despite their different...
1. After controlling for multiple factors, parental perception of whether their child engages with substance-using peers, ease-of-access to alcohol in the home, and lenient alcohol specific rules are associated with increased parental supply of alcohol sips to their adolescents. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: It is common for parents...
1. The rate of concussions sustained in youth ice hockey was 1.58 injuries for every 1000 combined games and practices, which was similar to other youth contact sports. 2. A higher rate of concussions was seen during games than in practices, and among 12- 14 year olds when compared to...
1. One in 5 high school students reported use of a prescription drug for nonmedical use, though younger students and black students were less likely to do so. 2. Nonmedical use of prescription drugs was associated with risky sexual behaviors such as not using a condom prior to sexual intercourse,...
  1. This epidemiological study found that high school cheerleading injury rates ranked 18 out of 22 surveyed sports, nationally. 2. Practice and competition injury rates were comparable, while performance injury rates were significantly lower than other high school sports. The most common injury was concussion, though concussion rates remained significantly...
  1. On school days, adolescents obtained 55% of their daily physical activity at school, but a relatively low percentage of total time at school was found to be active time (4.8%). 2. Adolescent girls obtained less physical activity minutes per day than boys in all recorded locations except near school. Evidence...
1. In this meta-analysis, higher parental monitoring, knowledge of behavior, and rule enforcement were associated with delayed sexual intercourse among adolescents. 2. Higher parental monitoring was associated with increased contraceptive and condom use in sexually active adolescents. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)   Study Rundown: Adolescence is increasingly understood as a distinct...