Tag: adolescent medicine

1. In U.S. adolescent males, human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination uptake of ≥1 dose and series completion of ≥3 doses were 34.6% and 13.9%, respectively, with significantly higher rates of completion among non-Hispanic blacks and Hispanics, compared with non-Hispanic whites. 2. The most common reason reported by parents for not vaccinating...
1. Positive opinions, and a strong belief in one’s ability to resist marijuana in early adolescence, were associated with increased risk of driving under the influence (DUI) and riding with drunk drivers (RWDD) in later adolescence. 2. Over time, the role of adolescents’ peer groups became more influential in predicting...
1. Girls who experienced pubertal maturation early in life and reported the least amount of parental supervision were at the highest risk for developing issues associated with alcohol consumption. 2. Adolescents who had the greatest issues with alcohol abuse at baseline saw the highest increases in parental autonomy granting over...
1. Adolescents with chronic medical conditions reporting alcohol consumption were more like to forget and intentionally skip medications. 2. Adolescents unaware of their medication’s interactions with alcohol were more likely to be drinkers than non-drinkers. Study Rundown: While the onset and use of alcohol and marijuana is prevalent among all youth,...
1. Almost one in five adolescents report unmet healthcare needs for a variety of reasons, the most common of which is perceived low importance or non-financial access problems. 2. Unmet healthcare need in adolescence was associated with an increased odds of fair/poor general health, functional impairment, depressive symptoms, and suicidal...
Systematic review and meta-analysis of 27 studies suggested that poor health in adolescence was associated with decreased education and employment in adulthood. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)  Study Rundown: Many studies have established the critical roles of education, socioeconomic status, and economic activity on health outcomes. However, less has been done...
1. In a study population at high-risk for sexually transmitted infections, the rate of pelvic inflammatory disease following intrauterine device placement was low. 2. The IUD continuation rate at one year was greater than 85 percent. Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Average)        Study Rundown: Intrauterine devices (IUDs) are some of the most effective...
1. Stronger population-wide and youth-targeted alcohol policies were associated with reduced likelihood of youth alcohol consumption. 2. Adult alcohol consumption may mediate the relationship between population-wide policies and youth drinking. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)                        Study Rundown: Alcohol is the most commonly used drug among adolescents and is the direct...
Adolescents in the United Kingdom who were exposed to the most alcohol usage in films were more likely to drink alcohol and to drink more frequently than those with minimal exposure. Study Rundown: Previous research has displayed a link between exposure to alcohol use in films and both personal alcohol...
1. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) opposes the use of in-school drug testing as a means to reduce substance abuse among adolescents due to the lack of supportive evidence for its efficacy. 2. The AAP endorses pediatrician advocacy of, and research and resource allocation to, the implementation of effective...