Tag: BMI

1. Cardiometabolic risk factors are unchanged in a 12-month randomized controlled trial examining sugar-sweetened, artificially sweetened, and unsweetened beverages. 2. Sweet preference is decreased most after switching from sugar-sweetened to unsweetened beverages. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Consuming sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) has long been associated with negative health outcomes, such as...
1. Heritability and shared environmental factors account for BMI variation in sibling pairs during middle childhood, whereas non-shared environmental factors account for variation in adolescence. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) In the United States, childhood obesity is a widespread public health problem, estimated to affect 13% of 2-5 year olds and...
Prior tonsillectomy is associated with an increased risk of esophageal adenocarcinoma 1. Having a prior tonsillectomy was correlated to a greater risk of developing esophageal adenocarcinoma, with an odds ratio of 1.7. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) is a subtype of esophageal cancer that has gradually grown in incidence...
1. During this longitudinal study, 3 consistent trajectories of picky eating were noted: persistently low, persistently medium, and persistently high. 2. Reduced picky eating habits were associated with female gender, greater child emotional stability and control, higher BMI, lower restriction behavior, and less demanding behavior. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown:...
1. In a systematic review, awake prone positioning (tummy time) in healthy infants was positively associated with total development, gross motor development, decreased body mass index (BMI), prevention of brachycephaly, and ability to move while prone, supine, crawling, and rolling. 2. These results support the World Health Organization’s (WHO) recommendation...
1. The combination of liraglutide and lifestyle therapy was shown to significantly reduce body mass index (BMI) standard-deviation score compared to the placebo group. 2. The use of liraglutide as adjuvant therapy was shown to cause a higher frequency of gastrointestinal adverse events. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: Obesity is a chronic...
1. The combination of liraglutide and lifestyle therapy was shown to significantly reduce body mass index (BMI) standard-deviation score compared to the placebo group. 2. The use of liraglutide as adjuvant therapy was shown to cause a higher frequency of gastrointestinal adverse events. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: Obesity is...
1. Children aged 2 to 6 years with actigraphy scores indicating short sleep duration or late sleep onset exhibited greater increases in body mass index (BMI) z-score. Late sleep was also associated with greater increases in waist circumference. 2. There was a combined effect between high family obesity risk and...
1. Increases in body mass index (BMI) were associated with all-cause mortality among the Hispanic population included in this prospective study. 2. Abdominal adiposity was found to be a particularly strong major risk factor for premature death within this population, even after adjustment for BMI and hip circumference. Evidence Rating Level:...
Patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) are 2-4 times more likely to develop cardiovascular disease, as compared to individuals without a history of cancer. With survival rates increasing significantly over the last 4 decades, this has important implications in patients that are now more susceptible to competing causes of morbidity...