Tag: BMI

Association between incidence exposure to benzodiazepines in early pregnancy and risk of spontaneous abortion Previous studies have shown that benzodiazepine use in early pregnancy is associated with spontaneous abortion (SA). The association between specific benzodiazepines and the risk of SA, however, has not been investigated. In this nested case-control study...
1. Exclusive breastfeeding in the first 3 months of life, as opposed to mixed breast and bottle feeding and exclusive bottle feeding, was associated with lower low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and lower total cholesterol in adolescence. 2. There was no association between exclusive breastfeeding and body mass index (BMI) or...
1. This prospective cohort study found that both low physical fitness and obesity during adolescence is associated with increased risk for disability later in life. 2. Obesity during adolescence, measured through body mass index (BMI), was found to be the greatest predictor of all-cause disability later in life for Swedish...
1. Prepubertal obese children treated with metformin over 6 months had significantly lower BMI z scores compared to those receiving placebo. These differences were not present in pubertal children. 2. Prepubertal obese children treated with metformin over 6 months had higher qualitative insulin-sensitivity check index (QUICKI), or lower rates of...
  1. From a prospective cohort study, increasing body fat percentage and decreasing BMI were associated with reduced survival. 2. The results of this study suggest that BMI may be an inappropriate measurement of adiposity. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Many population cohort studies have reported that excess adiposity, typically...
1. In a meta-analysis of 14 prospective studies, increased body mass index (BMI) was a significant risk factor for knee osteoarthritis (OA). 2. BMI was found to be an independent predictor of knee OA, regardless of gender, sex, age, country, or duration of follow-up. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)  ...
1. In this cohort study of Swedish population, women who gained at least 4 body-mass index (BMI) units between pregnancies had higher relative risks of stillbirth and infant mortality. 2. In overweight women with BMI greater than or equal to 25 kg/m2, weight loss before pregnancy was associated with reduced...
1. In a randomized controlled trial of over 600 overweight/obese breast cancer survivors, the use of a group-based, behavioral weight-loss intervention demonstrated significantly increased weight loss compared to standard intervention. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: Advancements in the diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer have resulted in a significant...
1. From this randomized trial, the opportunity to choose a diet plan did not improve weight loss. 2. Choice in diet program did not improve dietary adherence or weight-related quality of life. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: Adherence to diet plans has been shown as the best...
1. Adolescent body mass index (BMI) was associated with a statistically significant increased risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). 2. Inflammation in adolescence, as measured through erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), was also associated with increased risk of CRC. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)            Study Rundown: Colorectal cancer is the third...