Tag: BMI

Image: PD In this section, we will highlight the key high-impact studies, updates, and analyses published in medicine during the past week. Exdoxaban versus Warfarin in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation Factor Xa inhibitors have been shown to be noninferior to warfarin for prevention of venous thromboembolism, and dabigatran has been compared for...
Image: PD 1. Among both mothers and fathers included in a prospective investigation, parenting consistency correlated negatively with child BMI. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Childhood obesity affects 1 out of every 4 children in Western countries and has consequences for childrens’ future health and well-being. Childhood obesity cannot be...
Image: PD 1. Women with an unhealthy BMI (<18.5 or >25) or waist circumference (>88cm) were associated with increased odds of mortality by 85 years old.  2. Overweight and obese women (BMI>25 or waist circumference >88cm) surviving to 85 years old were more likely to develop disease or mobility disability relative...
Image: PD  1. Girls with a body mass index (BMI) > 50th percentile were noted to have earlier age of onset for breast development when compared to girls with lower BMI.  2. Non-Hispanic white girls had earlier age of pubertal maturation when compared to prior studies, though this was thought, in...
Image: PD  1. Healthy women in their 50s and 60s who reported consumption of diets that were high in vegetables, fruits, grains, and polyunsaturated fatty acids and low in sugar, red or processed meats, and salt, and with moderate alcohol intake, or overall more consistent with a Mediterranean diet subsequently...
Image: PD  1. Children who slept more each night for one week reported consuming less calories/day than those who were sleeping less.  2. On average, children weighed 0.22 kg less after a week period of increased sleep as opposed to a week long period of decreased sleep.  Study Rundown: Due to the...
Image: PD 1. Adult clinical decision rules such as the Wells criteria and Pulmonary Embolism Rule-out Criteria (PERC) may miss pulmonary emboli (PE) when applied to the pediatric population.  2. Obesity is a known risk factor for PE, but not included in Wells criteria or PERC. Half of study patients with...
Image: PD 1. A prediction algorithm was effective in helping researchers identify infants at-risk for becoming overweight at three years of age.  2. Observed risk values significantly correlated with algorithm calculated risk scores—suggesting strength within the model.  Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)  Study Rundown: Research shows that obesity has a measurable impact on...
Image: PD 1. Patients aged 20-39 years with heart failure were more likely to be African American and obese than heart failure patients in older cohorts.  2. All young patients were less likely to show signs of peripheral edema, rales, and less likely to report dyspnea.  3. The most common etiology of...
Image: PD 1. In a meta-analysis, higher consumption of dietary marine polyunsaturated fatty acids was associated with a lower risk of breast cancer.  2. No beneficial association was found with either overall dietary fish intake or ALA intake (a non-marine polyunsaturated fatty acid).  Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent)  Study Rundown: The major finding...