Tag: body mass index (BMI)

Body mass index (BMI) growth curves generated with longitudinal data for preterm infants demonstrated an initial decline in BMI driven by weight, followed by a linear increase in weight that was more pronounced in the lower gestational age (GA) groups. Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Fair) Study Rundown: Surveillance of growth...
1. Examination of anthopometric data on infants from 2 Danish prospective cohorts showed that infants born by cesarean delivery (CD) vs. vaginal delivery had significantly higher BMI at 6 months. However, this difference did not continue into later childhood and adolescence. 2. There was no significant difference in body...
1. The birth prevalence of Hirschsprung disease (HSCR) from 1987 to 2012 in Sweden was found to be steady at approximately 1 in 5000 with a male predominance. 2. Significantly more babies with HSCR were born prematurely compared to healthy controls and data suggested maternal obesity as a risk indicator. Evidence...
1. Children who consumed a greater variety of foods and those more adherent to recommended diets for their age (dietary diversity) were found to have larger, inappropriate increases in body mass index (BMI) scores each year than children who ate a more limited selection of food. 2. Older children and girls were...
1. From 1999 to 2012, there was a significant linear trend of decreasing metabolic syndrome severity and of increasing Body Mass Index (BMI) z scores and HDL levels among U.S. adolescents. 2. Over the same time period, there was a significant decrease in overall calorie and carbohydrate consumption, and an...
1. After at least one year of contraceptive implant use, there was no difference in hormone level across BMI categories. 2. No participant fell below the 90 pg/mL therapeutic threshold for ovulation suppression. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: Nearly two-thirds of reproductive-age women in the United States are overweight or...
1. Higher pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) was associated with offspring adverse adolescent cardio-metabolic profile. 2. Higher early pregnancy weight gain was associated with offspring adverse adolescent cardio-metabolic profile. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: In the U.S. approximately 64 percent of women of reproductive age are overweight and 35 percent...
1. Among women taking 17 hydroxyprogesterone caproate (progesterone) injections, only those with BMI ≤30 kg/m2 were less likely to experience preterm birth. 2. Progesterone injections were associated with a decreased risk of preterm birth among women weighing ≤165 lbs. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)            Study Rundown: PTB complicates over 11% of deliveries...