Tag: child abuse

1. In this systemic review, interventions from primary care were not found to reduce reports to child protective services or result in a lower likelihood of the child being removed from the home. 2. Insufficient evidence exists to associate primary care interventions with injuries, failure to thrive, and school attendance. Evidence...
1. Child abuse pediatricians (CAPs) were significantly less likely to perform the gold standard evaluation for abuse after meeting families and examining the patient as compared to CAPs who received only demographic information, history, and physical exam results without meeting the patient or their family. 2. CAPs were less confident...
1. Using nationally representative retrospective data of children 0 to 4 years old, authors found that children living in counties with the highest poverty concentration had 3 times the rate of child abuse fatalities compared to counties with the lowest poverty concentration. 2. African American children in counties with lowest...
1. In this population-based study of Australian children, children with disabilities made up 25.9% of children with maltreatment allegations and 29% of children with substantiated allegations. 2. The risk of maltreatment varied across different types of disability. The groups with highest risk of maltreatment allegation and substantiation were children with...
1. Child maltreatment and household dysfunction were associated with poorer academic skills and behavior at the kindergarten age. 2. Exposure to a greater number of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) was associated with a higher likelihood of poor kindergarten outcomes. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)              ...
1. More than 5% of youth who had experienced maltreatment (physical, sexual, or emotional abuse or neglect) reported a previous suicide attempt. 2. Suicide attempts in maltreated youth were most significantly associated with prior physical abuse, emotional abuse, and emotional neglect. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Suicide is the third...
1. Less than half of children (48%) under age 2 who presented to a hospital with concern for physical abuse or non-accidental injury had underwent an evaluation for occult fractures. 2. Only half of infants under age 1 who presented with concern for a non-motor vehicle crash-related traumatic brain injury (TBI)...
1. Abusive head trauma (AHT) in children less than age 5 was estimated to cause a loss of 69,925 disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) in 2009. 2. More than half of all children suffering severe AHT in 2009 were expected to die before the age of 21, with the remainder suffering a large...
Image: PD 1. Childhood sexual abuse is associated with an increased risk of suicide attempts. 2. The magnitude of the association between suicide attempt and childhood sexual abuse is heterogenous, and the temporality of the association is difficult to establish.  Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)     Study Rundown: Self-inflicted harm is common...
Image: PD 1. Women who were severely abused (sexually, physically, and/or emotionally) in childhood were more likely to have children diagnosed with autism when compared to women with no abuse history. 2. An intergenerational relationship between maternal childhood abuse and development of autism in offspring may exist. An intergenerational relationship between maternal...