Tag: child abuse

1. Transgender adolescents were more likely to report experiencing psychological, physical and sexual abuse as compared to cisgender adolescents. 2. Transgender males and nonbinary adolescents assigned female at birth experienced higher rates of psychological abuse as compared to cisgender adolescents. Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Average) Study Rundown: Transgender adolescents, or adolescents whose...
1. In a study of 49 hospitals, admissions for abusive head trauma (AHT) during the first 7 months of the COVID-19 pandemic were significantly lower compared to the previous 3 years. 2. Given the life-threatening nature of AHT and the necessity of presenting to care, this observed decrease likely...
1. In this longitudinal cohort study, siblings of children who were abused had a 60-fold increase in the risk of abuse. 2. The strongest variables associated abuse in both siblings were female sex of first sibling, indigenous status, and maternal age less than 20 years old. Evidence Rating Level: 2...
1. In this systemic review, interventions from primary care were not found to reduce reports to child protective services or result in a lower likelihood of the child being removed from the home. 2. Insufficient evidence exists to associate primary care interventions with injuries, failure to thrive, and school attendance. Evidence...
1. Child abuse pediatricians (CAPs) were significantly less likely to perform the gold standard evaluation for abuse after meeting families and examining the patient as compared to CAPs who received only demographic information, history, and physical exam results without meeting the patient or their family. 2. CAPs were less confident...
1. Using nationally representative retrospective data of children 0 to 4 years old, authors found that children living in counties with the highest poverty concentration had 3 times the rate of child abuse fatalities compared to counties with the lowest poverty concentration. 2. African American children in counties with lowest...
1. In this population-based study of Australian children, children with disabilities made up 25.9% of children with maltreatment allegations and 29% of children with substantiated allegations. 2. The risk of maltreatment varied across different types of disability. The groups with highest risk of maltreatment allegation and substantiation were children with...
1. Child maltreatment and household dysfunction were associated with poorer academic skills and behavior at the kindergarten age. 2. Exposure to a greater number of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) was associated with a higher likelihood of poor kindergarten outcomes. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)              ...
1. More than 5% of youth who had experienced maltreatment (physical, sexual, or emotional abuse or neglect) reported a previous suicide attempt. 2. Suicide attempts in maltreated youth were most significantly associated with prior physical abuse, emotional abuse, and emotional neglect. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Suicide is the third...
1. Less than half of children (48%) under age 2 who presented to a hospital with concern for physical abuse or non-accidental injury had underwent an evaluation for occult fractures. 2. Only half of infants under age 1 who presented with concern for a non-motor vehicle crash-related traumatic brain injury (TBI)...