Tag: childhood obesity

1. An increase in childhood fat mass was more strongly associated with the risk of adult onset type 2 diabetes than childhood weight, independent of childhood height Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Approximately 422 million people live with diabetes worldwide, among whom more than 90% have type 2 diabetes....
1. In this multisite, cluster-randomized controlled trial, a health literacy program for early childhood obesity prevention resulted in less weight gain at 18 months that was not sustained at 24 months. 2. There were differences in early childhood weight trajectories between intervention and controls groups, which may be clinically meaningful. Evidence...
1. Children with obesity were at greater risk of mortality in early adulthood than a population-based comparison group, suggesting that risks begin earlier than later adulthood. 2. Deaths due to suicide and self-injury are also common in this group, warranting clinical consideration at a primary care level. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) The impacts...
1. Children with obesity were at greater risk of mortality in early adulthood than a population-based comparison group, suggesting that risks begin earlier than later adulthood. 2. Deaths due to suicide and self-injury are also common in this group, warranting clinical consideration at a primary care level. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) The impacts...
Estimation of Glomerular Filtration Rate With vs Without Including Patient Race 1. The exclusion of patient race from glomerular filtration rate (GFR) estimation resulted in systematic error that significantly underestimated GFR in African American individuals more so than non-African Americans. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Glomerular filtration rate (GFR), an integral component...
1. Children who viewed mock Instagram profiles of popular YouTubers holding unhealthy snacks consumed more calories overall when offered snacks immediately after viewing, compared to children who viewed profiles with healthy snacks or nonfood items. 2. Viewing Instagram profiles with healthy snacks did not affect consumption of healthy snacks. Evidence Rating...
1. Prepubertal obese children treated with metformin over 6 months had significantly lower BMI z scores compared to those receiving placebo. These differences were not present in pubertal children. 2. Prepubertal obese children treated with metformin over 6 months had higher qualitative insulin-sensitivity check index (QUICKI), or lower rates of...
1. Examination of anthopometric data on infants from 2 Danish prospective cohorts showed that infants born by cesarean delivery (CD) vs. vaginal delivery had significantly higher BMI at 6 months. However, this difference did not continue into later childhood and adolescence. 2. There was no significant difference in body...
1. In a study of Norwegian children, those who engaged in more moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) at ages 6 and 8 had fewer symptoms of major depressive disorder 2 years later. 2. There was no association between sedentary behavior and depression among these children, nor did depressive symptoms...
1. The prevalence of infants with high weight-for-length ratios increased from 13.4% in 2000 to 14.5% in 2004, remained constant from 2004 to 2010, and decreased to 12.3% in 2014 2. Significant differences were found across race-ethnicity groups, with higher incidences of high weight-for-length ratios in American Indian and Hispanic...