Tag: cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)

Early estimates of the indirect effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on maternal and child mortality in low-income and middle-income countries: a modelling study 1. In three separate models, it was found that the combination of decreased health care access, food availability, and the economic impacts (both intentional and unintentional) of...
1. Digital cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) resulted in significant decreases in severity of insomnia, depressive, and anxiety symptoms compared to standard treatment in pregnant women at no greater than 28 weeks’ gestation. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) It is estimated that approximately 14% of pregnant women experience moderate-to-severe symptoms...
1. In this modeling study comparing the cost-effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) with second-generation antidepressants (SGA) for initial treatment of depression, neither strategy provided consistently superior economic outcomes. However, over the long term, it is possible that increased use of CBT may generate significant savings. 2. Given patient preferences...
Association between heart failure and postoperative mortality among patients undergoing ambulatory noncardiac surgery Patients with heart failure are at an increased risk of experiencing postoperative adverse events and mortality. While ambulatory surgical procedures are perceived as being low risk, morbidity and mortality outcomes in this surgical setting have not been...
Internet gaming disorder, listed in the DSM-5, is characterized by preoccupation, withdrawal, tolerance and continued use despite negative consequences. The behavior that characterizes Internet addiction (IA) causes significant impairment in the various spheres of an individual’s life, including social, education, personal, occupational or other relevant areas of functioning. Cognitive...
In areas of Pakistan affected by recent conflict, epidemiological studies have shown a high prevalence of psychological distress in women. In the setting of conflict with poor access to care, as well as role restrictions, there is a large population of women that are particularly vulnerable to anxiety and...
1. Both modified cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and pain education (EDU) interventions were associated with improved pain in patients with disadvantaged backgrounds. 2. Post treatment pain demonstrated long lasting improvements in the EDU group and physical function was improved in both CBT and EDU groups. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown:...
1. The cooperative pain education and self-management (COPES) study was a randomized, non-inferiority trial that demonstrated similar efficacy in improvement of chronic back pain with cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) administered by interactive voice response (IVR) telephone software compared to in-person therapy. 2. The IVR-CBT group had significantly improved adherence to...
1. In a randomized control trial of over 90 patients with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), the use of an internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) program demonstrated significantly higher improvement in symptom severity compared to online supportive therapy. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: BDD is a psychiatric disorder characterized by...