Tag: cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)

1. In this randomized control trial, individualized cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for prolonged grief disorder was superior to supportive therapy in reducing symptoms at both 6- and 12-month follow-up. 2. Participants in the CBT Grief-Help group also demonstrated decreased symptoms of depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and lower levels of...
2 Minute Medicine is pleased to announce that we are launching Wellness Check, a new series dedicated to exploring new research evidence focused on wellness. Each week, we will report on articles examining different aspects of wellness, including (but not limited to) nutrition, sleep, reproductive health, substance use and...
1. Telephone cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) was an effective treatment for sleep issues among patients with osteoarthritis pain (OA). 2. Fatigue was significantly reduced among the CBT-I group, compared to the education-only group. 3. CBT-I demonstrated evidence of short-term pain reduction, but this was not sustained at 12-month follow-up. Evidence...
1. Across 56 randomized controlled trials with 4,060 participants, psychosocial interventions were significantly associated with improved immune system function. 2. Immune system improvements persisted for at least six months post-treatment. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: Inflammation-related diseases account for a large portion of global mortality. Many RCTs have focused on...
1. Internet-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy for patients with health anxiety was found to be noninferior to face-to-face CBT. Evidence Rating: 1 (Excellent) Health anxiety is a common and often chronic mental health problem, and affects a significant portion of the population. Current first line therapy involves face-to-face cognitive behavior therapy (CBT), and...
Early estimates of the indirect effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on maternal and child mortality in low-income and middle-income countries: a modelling study 1. In three separate models, it was found that the combination of decreased health care access, food availability, and the economic impacts (both intentional and unintentional) of...
1. Digital cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) resulted in significant decreases in severity of insomnia, depressive, and anxiety symptoms compared to standard treatment in pregnant women at no greater than 28 weeks’ gestation. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) It is estimated that approximately 14% of pregnant women experience moderate-to-severe symptoms...
1. In this modeling study comparing the cost-effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) with second-generation antidepressants (SGA) for initial treatment of depression, neither strategy provided consistently superior economic outcomes. However, over the long term, it is possible that increased use of CBT may generate significant savings. 2. Given patient preferences...
Association between heart failure and postoperative mortality among patients undergoing ambulatory noncardiac surgery Patients with heart failure are at an increased risk of experiencing postoperative adverse events and mortality. While ambulatory surgical procedures are perceived as being low risk, morbidity and mortality outcomes in this surgical setting have not been...
Internet gaming disorder, listed in the DSM-5, is characterized by preoccupation, withdrawal, tolerance and continued use despite negative consequences. The behavior that characterizes Internet addiction (IA) causes significant impairment in the various spheres of an individual’s life, including social, education, personal, occupational or other relevant areas of functioning. Cognitive...