Tag: contraception

1. Hormonal contraception use was more prevalent among women who developed glioma, a brain tumor, to women without glioma. 2. The magnitude of this association was greatest among women taking progestin-only hormonal contraception. Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Average)   Study Rundown: Gliomas, the most common type of malignant brain tumor, occur more...
1. Women using a progesterone-releasing IUD for birth control had significantly fewer unintended pregnancies, including ectopics, compared to those using a copper IUD. 2. From a clinical perspective, both forms were highly effective, with failure rates of <1%. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent)       Study Rundown: The intrauterine device (IUD) is...
1. A moderately increased risk of HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) acquisition was demonstrated for all women using depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (Depo-Provera). This increase in risk was also observed for women in the general population, although to a smaller extent. 2. No evidence of increased risk of contracting HIV was demonstrated...
In this section, we highlight the key high-impact studies, updates, and analyses published in medicine during the past week. Effect of a Postdischarge Virtual Ward on Readmission or Death for High-Risk Patients With the recent changes in reimbursement in America penalizing hospitals that have high readmission rates, there is now an...
1. The American Academy of Pediatricians (AAP) recommends that pediatricians offer long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARC) such as the IUD or progestin implants as first line contraceptive methods, given their efficacy and safety. 2. The APP continues to encourage physicians to consistently address sexual health and behavior with their patients and...
1. Women who initiated contraceptive use before first intercourse were more likely to be using a hormonal method of contraception.  2. Women who initiated contraceptive use after first intercourse were more likely to experience unintended pregnancy and abortion.  Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: In spite of abundant evidence showing the...
Image: PD  1. Two-thirds of women who had an implanon placed immediately post-partum used the birth control method for the entirety of its 3-year lifespan.  2. Continuation rates were higher in women at highest risk for recurrent pregnancy, including adolescents and those with poor prenatal care.  Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)    ...
Image: PD  1.  Patients taking isotretinoin (Accutane) had a high understanding of the harmful teratogenic effects of the medication, but did not feel they received sufficient information regarding the effectiveness of various contraceptive choices. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)  Study Rundown: Isotretinoin is a medication reserved for patients with severe treatment-refractory acne....
Image: CC/Alton 1. An adjunctive Facebook page was more effective than pamphlets for contraceptive education in young women.  2. Women who received adjunctive contraception education on Facebook were more likely to choose long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs).  Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: This study found that Facebook, a social media outlet, was...
Image: PD  1. Lower-dose 13.5 mg and 19.5 mg levonorgestrel intrauterine contraceptive systems (IUDs) were found to be highly effective for up to 3 years.  2.  Both devices were easy to insert and well tolerated by paras and nulliparas. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent)        Study Rundown: This phase III clinical...