Tag: developmental pediatrics

1. Parents made more story-related and fewer device- or medium-related verbalizations when reading with their children on print versus electronic books. 2. Children made more book-related and total verbalizations when reading print versus electronic books with their parent. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Early childhood reading is known to be...
1. A case-control study comparing parent-reported sleep problems demonstrated increased odds for sleep problems among children with ASD compared to children in the general population. 2. Children with ASD also had higher mean parent-reported sleep problem scores and increased odds for sleep problems compared to children with other developmental delays/disorders...
The 5-year survival rate in neurologically impaired children after feeding tube placement was 75.8%. There were no significant differences in unplanned hospital days 2 years prior to feeding tube placement compared to 2 years after feeding tube placement. Study Rundown: Feeding tube placement is a relatively common procedure in...
1. Children with positional plagiocephaly and/or brachycephaly (PPB) had significantly lower scores in global cognitive ability (GCA), nonverbal reasoning, verbal, and working memory scores compared to unaffected controls undergoing neuropsychological assessment. 2. Children with PPB also had lower achievement scores for math, reading and writing, but these differences were not...
1. The prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) through the National Survey of Children’s Health (NSCH) was estimated to be 2.5% in children 3-17 years of age. Parents of children with ASD were more likely to have higher health care needs and difficulties in accessing health care. 2. Medication was...
The rate of neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) in infants born ≤500g in Japan between 2003-2012 was 59%, and the prevalence of NDI did not significantly change over the 10-year period. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: Survival rates for periviable infants have improved over the past decade, but data on rates...
1. In this retrospective cohort study, birth at earlier gestational age (GA) was associated with worse survival rates and increased hospitalization rates in the first 10 years of life, with respiratory diagnoses being the most common reason for admission. 2. Birth at earlier GA was also associated with higher parental-reported...
1. Language-based interactions between children 18 to 24 months of age and adults predicted intelligence quotient (IQ), verbal comprehension, and expressive and receptive language skills at 9 to 13 years old. 2. There were no significant relationships between language-based interactions and subsequent IQ or language skills in other age groups. Evidence...
Body mass index (BMI) growth curves generated with longitudinal data for preterm infants demonstrated an initial decline in BMI driven by weight, followed by a linear increase in weight that was more pronounced in the lower gestational age (GA) groups. Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Fair) Study Rundown: Surveillance of growth...
1. Children who pass screening for autism spectrum disorders (ASD) at 18 months, but who later go on develop ASD display delays and atypical behaviors in social, communicative and motor domains at time of screening, as measured by instruments beyond the standard screening. 2. Females missed by early ASD screening...