Tag: developmental pediatrics

1. Children who pass screening for autism spectrum disorders (ASD) at 18 months, but who later go on develop ASD display delays and atypical behaviors in social, communicative and motor domains at time of screening, as measured by instruments beyond the standard screening. 2. Females missed by early ASD screening...
1. A primary care pediatric intervention that promotes parental involvement through reading aloud and play demonstrated sustained improvement in childhood behavioral outcomes in children. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: Primary care interventions that promote parenting skills can be used as tools to improve poverty-related disparities in social-emotional development. However,...
1. Postnatal cytomegalovirus (pCMV) infection in preterm infants associated with higher gross motor scores at 16 months of life and earlier age of onset of independent walking (AOIW). 2. At 6 years of age, children with a history of pCMV infection had cognitive scores within normal limits for age,...
1. Executive function (EF) performance remained stable from 8 to 18 years old among the majority of children born extremely premature (EP) or with extremely low birth weight (ELBW). 2. EP and ELBW children with typical EF development outperformed children with persistent, intermittent, or late-onset deficits in all academic domains. Evidence...
1. Rates of major neurosensory disability, IQ <-2 SD, cerebral palsy (CP), blindness, and deafness were similar at 8 years among premature infants born in 3 different eras since the 1990s. 2. Academic achievement scores at age 8, including word reading, spelling, and mathematics, were lower among premature infants born...
1. When examining a national survey with data from 2005-2012, younger infants (0-5 months of age) were noted to have a decline in complementary feeding, but there was no substantial change breast milk consumption among most groups studied. There was a significant decline reported in breast milk consumption among...
1. Reflective questionnaires and daily calendar data suggested that baby-led weaning (i.e., self-feeding of solid foods) was not linked to an increased choking risk compared to traditional spoon-feeding of soft foods. 2. By the age of 12 months, the majority of participating infants, regardless of study grouping, had been given...
1. The majority of fathers in low- and middle-income countries have little to moderate engagement with their children in cognitively stimulating activities. 2. Less paternal engagement was associated with poorer child development across 3 of 4 domains; no association specifically with physical development was found. Study Rundown: Multiple factors, including malnutrition,...
1. The concept of childhood development may be foreign to refugee communities, hindering early diagnosis of disabilities and therapy. 2. Establishing trust and providing in-person interpretation services may be critical to the successful implementation of developmental screening in refugee populations. Study Rundown: Refugee children may be at an increased risk for...
1. Even among single-born children not diagnosed with developmental disabilities, later achievement of some infant motor milestones was associated with worse performance on tests of developmental skill. 2. In contrast to singletons, after adjusting for gestational age and birth weight, none of the gross motor milestones considered were significantly associated...