Tag: diet

1. Ranitidine consumption did not result in higher urinary excretion of N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) compared to placebo. 2. High nitrite diet increased urinary excretion of NDMA. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) In 2020, ranitidine, a histamine 2 receptor blocker widely used as heartburn treatment, was removed from market due to concern over amount...
1. Greater amount of moderate, habitual coffee consumption was associated with lower risk of arrhythmias. 2. Genetic differences in caffeine metabolism did not modulate effect of coffee consumption on risk of arrhythmia. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Coffee is widely consumed and has been thought to increase risk of arrhythmia. However, whether moderate,...
1. Diet with higher levels of omega-3 fatty acid and lower omega-6 fatty acid decreased incidence and severity of migraines in participants with chronic and episodic migraines. 2. Changing dietary fatty acid intake also led to changes in circulating levels of oxylipins (lipid mediator that regulates pain). Evidence Rating Level: 1...

Wellness Check: Nutrition

2 Minute Medicine is pleased to announce that we are launching Wellness Check, a new series dedicated to exploring new research evidence focused on wellness. Each week, we will report on articles examining different aspects of wellness, including (but not limited to) nutrition, sleep, reproductive health, substance use and...
1. The exercise group displayed a 5% reduction in overeating episodes compared to the control group. 2. In comparison to the control group, the exercise group demonstrated an increase in dietary restraint and a reduction in disinhibited eating driven by internal disinhibition. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Hedonic eating habits represent a...
1. Very-low-calorie diet significantly altered composition of the gut microbiome in study participants, including an enrichment in pathogenic Clostridiodies difficile. 2. Stool samples from post-diet patients similarly induced weight loss in mice due to impaired nutrient absorption and enrichment in Clostridiodies difficile. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) The gut microbiome plays an...
2 Minute Medicine is pleased to announce that we are launching Wellness Check, a new series dedicated to exploring new research evidence focused on wellness. Each week, we will report on articles examining different aspects of wellness, including (but not limited to) nutrition, sleep, reproductive health, substance use and...
1. A diet with a high glycemic index was associated with an increased risk of death and cardiovascular disease. 2. Among those without preexisting cardiovascular disease, a high glycemic load was not associated with increased death. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Foods with a high glycemic index (GI) raise blood...
1. Cardiometabolic risk factors are unchanged in a 12-month randomized controlled trial examining sugar-sweetened, artificially sweetened, and unsweetened beverages. 2. Sweet preference is decreased most after switching from sugar-sweetened to unsweetened beverages. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Consuming sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) has long been associated with negative health outcomes, such as...
Prior tonsillectomy is associated with an increased risk of esophageal adenocarcinoma 1. Having a prior tonsillectomy was correlated to a greater risk of developing esophageal adenocarcinoma, with an odds ratio of 1.7. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) is a subtype of esophageal cancer that has gradually grown in incidence...