Tag: diet

1. A modestly lower carbohydrate diet neither increased ketonemia nor improved glycemic control in pregnant women Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Although meta-analyses have shown significant improvements in HbA1c and greater weight loss with low-carbohydrate diets in the context of type 2 diabetes and obesity, there is a lack of consensus...
1. A meta-analysis of studies evaluating dietary interventions used in treatment of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in children found that omega-3, vitamin supplementation, and other supplementations were more effective than placebo in treating a number of ASD symptoms. 2. All types of dietary interventions had small effect sizes relative to...
1. A meta-analysis of studies evaluating dietary interventions used in treatment of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in children found that omega-3, vitamin supplementation, and other supplementations were more effective than placebo in treating a number of ASD symptoms. 2. All types of dietary interventions had small effect sizes relative to...
1. In this serial, cross sectional analysis over the last two decades, the adults in the United States decreased consumption of low-quality carbohydrates and increased intake of high-quality carbohydrates, plant protein, and polyunsaturated fat. 2. However, consumption of saturated fats and low-quality carbohydrates, primarily sugar, still remain above the recommended...
1. In this prospective cohort study, a healthier diet in midlife did not affect the risk of developing dementia compared to unhealthier diets. 2. Patients who would go on to develop dementia were more likely to have unhealthier diets in later life. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Dementia is an...
1. Children who viewed mock Instagram profiles of popular YouTubers holding unhealthy snacks consumed more calories overall when offered snacks immediately after viewing, compared to children who viewed profiles with healthy snacks or nonfood items. 2. Viewing Instagram profiles with healthy snacks did not affect consumption of healthy snacks. Evidence Rating...
1. No significant difference in weight change between a healthy low-fat diet and a healthy low-carbohydrate diet. 2. Genotype pattern or insulin secretion was not associated with dietary effects on weight loss Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: Though the balance of macronutrients, such as carbohydrates and fats, have been thought...
1. Dietary quality, scored against three well validated dietary rubrics, as well as all-cause mortality were tracked in a large cohort of patients for periods ranging from 8 to 16 years. 2. A 20-percentile increase in diet-quality scores (across all three rubrics) was associated with a reduction of 8-17% in...
1. Higher consumption of sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs) during pregnancy was associated with increased adiposity in childhood. 2. Sugary soda consumption by pregnant women, rather than fruit drinks or juice, was linked to an increase in BMI in children. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: Some researchers hypothesize that childhood obesity...
1. Based on this randomized clinical trial, alternate-day fasting did not yield different results with regards to weight loss, blood pressure, or lipid profiles compared to a typical, caloric-restriction strategy. 2. The alternate-day fasting strategy had significantly worse compliance compared to calorie restriction or control. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)        Study Rundown:...