Tag: guns

1. Firearm suicide risk is elevated among those living in states with high firearm ownership, those living in rural areas, those with a military background, and those of white, non-Hispanic backgrounds. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Suicide is an ongoing pandemic and a leading cause of death in the U.S. The most...
1. In a cross-sectional study examining a national injury surveillance system, the annual rate of nonpowder firearm injuries to children decreased by ~50% per year from 1990 to 2016. 2. The decrease in firearm injury rate was consistent across age groups, sexes, and injury types, but the rate of eye...
1. Despite a decrease in overall firearm ownership among families with young children in the household between 1976 and 2016, handgun ownership and firearm-related mortality among 1- to 5-year-olds rose. 2. Proportion of families with a handgun in the home was positively and significantly associated with child mortality. Evidence Rating Level:...
1. Nevada gun shows were linked to local, temporary increases in firearm-related injuries and deaths in California, but California gun shows were not. 2. Considering that some of the most restrictive firearms laws are in California and some of the least restrictive are in Nevada, study results suggest that the...
1. After the mass shootings in Newtown, Connecticut (2012) and San Bernardino, California (2015), there were spikes in handgun acquisitions in the following 6 weeks, but the increases were brief and comprised <10% of yearly handgun acquisitions in the state. 2. Additional research is needed to assess if repeated spikes...
1. A national survey found that 22% of U.S. gun owners reported purchasing a firearm in the last two years without a background check, which suggests that millions of U.S. adults are able to purchase a firearm without a background check. 2. The percentage of U.S. gun owners reporting purchasing...
1. Patients with unintentional or assault-related firearm injuries had a higher incidence of violence-related arrest.  2. Some firearm injuries classified as accidental may suggest involvement in the cycle of violence. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: The majority of hospitalized nonfatal firearm injuries are due to intentional and interpersonal violence (assault)....
Image: PD 1. Hospitalizations due to firearm-related injuries is a major cause of morbidity and mortality, affecting 8.87 per 100 000 individuals under age 20. 2. The major causes of firearm-related hospitalizations were unintentional injuries in younger children and assault in adolescents. 3. Males, black children, and those receiving Medicaid were most...
Image: PD  1. From a systematic review of the literature, there is a significantly increased risk of both suicide and homicide among individuals in households with accessible firearms.  Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent)  Study Rundown: The majority of both successful suicides and homicides in the United States are firearm-related, with an estimated...
Image: CC/Wiki 1. The relative incidence of gunshot injuries seen by multiple EMS was low; however, they were associated with a disproportionate amount of adverse outcomes, required major therapeutic interventions and resulted in higher mortality and per-patient costs when compared to other injury mechanisms.  2. Older adolescent males were most at-risk...