Tag: neonatology

1. A multicenter randomized control trial concluded that n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation in pregnancy did not change the risk of preterm delivery or the risk of post-term induction or cesarean section. 2. The safety profile of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation in pregnancy was similar to control. Evidence Rating...
1. Extremely preterm infants born in non-tertiary hospitals in England had an increased risk of death, and transfer in the first 48 hours postnatally was associated with increased risk of severe brain injury relative to infants born in tertiary neonatal care. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Extremely preterm infants born at...
1. Across the state of California, there was greater than 100-fold variability in the number of infants treated with antibiotics per proven bloodstream infection, ranging from 7.3 to 781 infants treated. 2. The number of infants exposed to antibiotics correlated strongly with the number of live births admitted to the...
1. Preterm infants given prophylactic platelet transfusions at thresholds below 50,000 platelets per cubic millimeter had higher risks of death or major bleeding after 28 days as compared to neonates given transfusions at thresholds below 25,000 per cubic millimeter. 2. There was no significant difference in other serious adverse events...
Little is known about the survival and neurodevelopmental outcomes of extremely preterm infants with low birth weight. More data is needed to facilitate decisions regarding the initiation of treatment and resuscitation in this population. In this retrospective cohort study, 205 infants born between 22 and 26 weeks gestational age...
1. For preterm infants with echocardiographically-confirmed patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) within the first 14 days of life, there was no significant difference in the timing of PDA closure between infants who received liberal versus restrictive platelet transfusions. 2. Infants in the liberal transfusion group had significantly higher rates of intraventricular...
Outcomes of Extremely Preterm Infants With Birth Weight Less Than 400 g Little is known about the survival and neurodevelopmental outcomes of extremely preterm infants with low birth weight. More data is needed to facilitate decisions regarding the initiation of treatment and resuscitation in this population. In this retrospective cohort...
1. Preterm infants given prophylactic platelet transfusions at thresholds below 50,000 platelets per cubic millimeter had higher risks of death or major bleeding after 28 days as compared to neonates given transfusions at thresholds below 25,000 per cubic millimeter. 2. There was no significant difference in other serious adverse events...
Neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) medical staff who were exposed to maternal expressions of gratitude had higher scores in procedural and therapeutic planning and prosocial behaviors in response to neonatal medical emergency scenarios when compared to medical staff who were exposed to neutral maternal statements. Evidence Rating: Level 1...
1. Very low birth weight (VLBW) infants who received antibiotics for 4 to 7 days had significant increased odds of short term morbidity and mortality. 2. Each day of antibiotic use among VLBW infants was associated with about 5% greater odds of major adverse outcomes. Evidence Rating: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Early onset...