Tag: primary care

1. Interviews of caregivers of children with medical complexity indicated that housing outcomes reflected a tradeoff between families’ housing needs and the possibilities available to them. 2. Caregivers reported that housing impacted the health of both the caregiver and child. Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Average) Study Rundown: Caregivers of children with...
 1. Doses of recommended non-influenza vaccines administered to children of all age groups decreased significantly in Southern California following the stay-at-home order at the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic. 2. During the recovery phase of the pandemic, weekly vaccination rates recovered quickly in children younger than 24 months, but remained significantly...
1. In a cross-sectional study of U.S. high school students, those who used electronic vapor products were more likely than non-users to have engaged in sexual risk behaviors. 2. Findings were similar amongst those who used electronic vapor products occasionally, frequently, and daily. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Although previous...
1. In a large and diverse cohort study, multiple susceptibility factors accurately predicted smoking outcomes 4 years later.  2. Exposure to tobacco marketing and electronic cigarette use were also strongly associated with smoking outcomes. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Previous research has shown that the majority of adult smokers experimented...
1. In a cross-sectional study of hospitalized adolescents, approximately one third reported ever using alcohol, marijuana, electronic cigarettes, or a combination of ≥2 substances. 2. Less than half of self-reported adolescent substance use was documented in the electronic health record (EHR). Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Substance use among adolescents...
1. Amongst older adults with high risk of hospitalisations in Sweden, a comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) in primary care reduced the need for hospital care days. Evidence level rating: 1 (Excellent) Increased healthcare needs amongst the aging population is recognized as major challenge across developed countries in the world....
1. In this scoping review, adolescents were only assessed with a comprehensive screening for risk taking behaviors approximately 10% of the time across emergency departments, hospital settings and urgent cares. 2. Adolescents, clinicians, and parents were receptive to risk behavior screening and interventions, with some barriers noted, including time constraints,...
1. Among patients presenting in the emergency setting for possible sexually transmitted infection, a self-obtained vaginal swab was found to be non-inferior to provider-performed endocervical sampling for the diagnosis of Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia trachomatis. Evidence Level Rating: 1 (Excellent) Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) and Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) are the two most...
1. Out of 43 interventions, acamprosate was the only intervention associated with greater likelihood of alcohol abstinence compared to placebo. 2. Acomprosate, naltrexone, and acomprosate-naltrexone were associated with lower dropout rates compared to placebo. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: Excessive alcohol consumption has long been associated with a number of...
1. An opportunistic screening protocol for atrial fibrillation was not found to improve diagnostic rates, compared to usual care. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a cardiac arrhythmia that increases in prevalence with age. AF can also lead to cardiovascular conditions such as stroke and heart failure. Although...