Tag: race

1. The exclusion of patient race from glomerular filtration rate (GFR) estimation resulted in systematic error that significantly underestimated GFR in African American individuals more so than non-African Americans. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Glomerular filtration rate (GFR), an integral component of establishing drug dosing, prognosis, and treatment of patients with kidney...
1. Firearm-related fatality rates differ drastically between American states. 2. The firearm-related fatality rate among African-Americans was double that of Caucasians and was lower among Hispanics compared to non-Hispanics. Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Average)  Study Rundown: Firearm-related deaths account for almost one-fifth of injury deaths in the United States....
Image: PD/CDC/ Debora Cartagena 1. In 2-month-old infants, a high prevalence of feeding and activity behaviors thought to be associated with childhood obesity was found across all race/ethnic subgroups, though higher rates of certain behaviors were noted in Hispanic or black subgroups when compared to the white subgroup. 2. Ninety...
Image: PD 1. Intentional injuries suffered at school are more likely to lead to an emergency department visit (EDV) than intentional injuries suffered outside of the school setting. 2. Demographic risk factors for intentional injury-related EDVs in the school setting compared to unintentional injuries included: male gender, 10- to 14-year age...
Image: PD 1. White parents of children seen in Michigan emergency departments were more likely than nonwhite parents to report the use of age-appropriate child restraints in motor vehicles independent of socioeconomic factors. 2. A majority of parents of children over the age of 8, regardless of race, reported not always...
Classics Series, Landmark Trials in Medicine
Image: PD 1. In a study population of girls 3-12 years of age, it was found that African-American females developed secondary sexual characteristics at a significantly earlier age than white girls. 2. African-American females had earlier menarche at 12.16 years of age, compared to 12.88 years of age among white females. Original...
Image: PD  1. Racial differences in breast cancer survival have not significantly changed between black and white women between 1991 and 2005.  2. Disparities in survival appear to be related to presentation characteristics and comorbid conditions at the time of diagnosis rather than breast cancer treatment.  Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)  Study Rundown:...
Image: PD 1. Nonwhite children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), in comparison to white children with ASD, were less likely to see subspecialist providers and undergo evaluative procedures in neurology, gastroenterology/nutrition, and psychiatry/psychology.  2. Racial differences in subspecialty care noted between nonwhite and white children with ASD persisted after correction for...