Tag: suicide

The receipt of a cancer diagnosis can be devastating, with important implications for a patient’s mental health and well-being. Some evidence has suggested that cancer diagnosis may contribute to an increased risk of suicide in this patient population; however, variation in risk by various patient characteristics has not been...
1. In this systematic review and meta-analysis, history of concussion or mild traumatic brain injury was associated with a two-fold increased risk of suicide. 2. Although there was an association between the two, suicide remained a very rare cause of death for patients with concussion/mild traumatic brain injury. Evidence Rating Level:...
1. No baseline differences observed between patients exposed to efavirenz and nevirapine compared to those never exposed, regarding both depression and suicide. 2. No significant associations found between efavirenz and suicidal ideation in persons living with HIV in Uganda. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: The authors of this study examined...
1. Racial disparities for firearm homicides between black and white males are highest in Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Missouri, and Pennsylvania, with higher rates for black males. 2. White males have a greater risk than black males for firearm suicides, especially in Alabama, Arkansas, Mississippi, Nevada, and New Mexico. Evidence Rating Level:...
1. Pediatric suicide rates decreased significantly from 2002-2007 but increased significantly from 2008-2014; pediatric homicide rates exhibited the opposite trend. 2. Males had significantly higher rates of fatal and nonfatal firearm-related injuries, regardless of intent or age group, from 2012-2014. Study Rundown: Deaths resulting from firearms are the 3rd leading cause...
1. The prevalence of depression or depressive symptoms among over 120 000 medical students across the world was 27%, with only 15% of these students seeking medical treatment. 2. The prevalence of suicidal ideation among over 21 000 medical students was 11%. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: It is well...
1. Linking suicide prevention programs to external data systems may enable longer-term assessment of suicide outcomes from such programs.  2. The lack of data dictionaries and adherence to standard data serve as current limitations to this strategy. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: Suicide rates have increased by 24% from 1999...
1. Linking suicide prevention programs to external data systems may enable longer-term assessment of suicide outcomes from such programs.   2. The lack of data dictionaries and adherence to standard data serve as current limitations to this strategy. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: Suicide rates have increased by 24% from...
1. Compared to early adolescents, younger children who died by suicide were more commonly black, males, died by hanging/strangling/suffocation, died at home, and experienced relationship problems with their family members and friends. 2. Elementary school-aged children who died by suicide were less likely to leave a suicide note, be depressed,...
1. In a retrospective review of over 235 000 adults, the diagnosis of a concussion was associated with a significantly increased long-term risk of suicide compared to the general population. Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Average)        Study Rundown: Concussions, or mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) affect over 1.74 million people in the...