Tag: vaccination

1. College students were at significantly higher risk of contracting meningococcus serotype B (MenB) disease compared with noncollege students in the same age group. 2. Less than 25% of college students who contracted meningococcal disease had received at least one dose of the MenB vaccine. Study Rundown: While the overall incidence...
1. After California eliminated nonmedical exemptions from school-entry vaccinations in 2015, the proportion of kindergarten students who received all required vaccines rose from 92.8% to 95.1%, but the rates of medical exemptions increased 250%. 2. Interviews with local health officers had common themes of frustration by lack of authority to...
1. Surveillance of adverse events after diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis (DTaP) vaccine administration reported to the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) between 1991 and 2016 revealed no new or unexpected adverse events. 2. The vast majority of reported adverse events were non-serious, and local injection site reactions were the most frequently...
1. The quadrivalent recombinant influenza vaccine (RIV4) was noninferior when compared with the quadrivalent inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV4) for immunogenicity. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown:  Seasonal influenza vaccines have recently been transitioned to a quadrivalent, recombinant formulation to provide broadened protection against 2 antigenically distinct influenza type B lineages...
1. No significant association was identified between maternal intrapartum vaccination with the influenza or tetanus, diphtheria, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine and infant hospitalization or mortality. 2. Infants hospitalized for respiratory reasons were significantly less likely to be born to mothers who had received the Tdap vaccine when compared to...
1. No increased risk of incident epilepsy was seen among children who received influenza vaccination during the 2009-2010 influenza season in Norway. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Previous studies suggest associations between febrile seizures and influenza infection, complex febrile seizures and epilepsy, and seizures (particularly febrile) and vaccination (including...
1. The 2018 version of the Recommended Childhood and Adolescent Immunization Schedule has been published by the American Academy of Pediatrics and approved by several national medical organizations. 2. No major changes have been made from the 2017 version of this schedule to the version published today. 3. Several clarifications to...
1. One third of HIV patients in the United States (U.S.) remain unvaccinated against hepatitis B. 2. Of HIV patients who were candidates for hepatitis B vaccination, only 1 in 10 were vaccinated within 1 year of continuing care for HIV. Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Average) Study Rundown: In comparison to the...
1. The new adjuvanted herpes zoster subunit vaccine was more efficacious and less expensive for all ages at the price of $280 per series as compared to the single-dose herpes zoster vaccine. 2. It is unclear if a booster of the live attenuated herpes zoster vaccine would be cost-effective, as...
1. In Washington State, legislation requiring physicians to counsel patients seeking vaccine exemption led to significant decrease in patients actually obtaining exemptions. 2. Legislature-mandated counseling also led to a decrease in the geographic clustering of vaccine-exempt children. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)       Study Rundown: In the United States, patients may pursue vaccine...