Tag: vaccines

1. There is strong evidence that the measles/mumps/rubella (MMR) vaccine is not linked to autism but that it is linked to a risk of febrile seizures. 2. There is moderate evidence that links the rotavirus vaccination to a risk of intussusception and the hepatitis A vaccine to purpura. 3. There is...
Image: PD  1. The Shanchol oral cholera vaccine was effective at preventing cholera in the setting of an outbreak in Guinea.  Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Average)  Study Rundown: The Shanchol oral cholera vaccine has only been evaluated for long-term protection against cholera. It is not clear how protective the vaccine is within...
Image: PD  1. Patients undergoing treatment for heroin addiction who received small financial incentives (maximum £30 of supermarket vouchers) were at least 12 times more likely to complete a course of hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccination than those who received no incentive. 2. At least 80% of participants receiving financial...
 Image: PD 1. Rotavirus vaccine 116E was shown to have similar efficacy to current vaccines RotaTeq and Rotarix in developing countries and may prove more sustainable in low-resource settings. 2. Protection against rotavirus gastroenteritis with vaccine 116E demonstrated positive correlation with severity of infection, suggesting that it may be a fitting...
Image: US Navy/PD 1. Corrective information successfully changed misconceptions about the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine causing autism, although the message was linked to decreased vaccination intent among parents with the least favorable vaccine attitudes. 2. Messages emphasizing the risks of vaccine-preventable diseases were not linked to improved vaccination intent. Evidence Rating Level: 1...
Image: PD  1. From a survey of general internists (GIMs) and family practice physicians (FMs), the most common barriers of physician-provided adult vaccines were financial, most commonly a lack of insurance coverage or poor reimbursement.  Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Average)  Study Rundown: More than 95% of deaths due to vaccine-preventable illnesses are among...
Image: PD 1. The incidence of herpes zoster among United States adults has been increasing since 1992 2. However, the annual rate of increase in herpes zoster incidence has not changed significantly since the introduction of routine varicella vaccinations in children Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: In 1996, a universal varicella...
Image: PD  1. Providers’ use of a participatory format when initiating vaccine conversations with parents, rather than a presumptive format, was associated with increased parental resistance to vaccinations.   2. Half of parents (47%) who expressed initial resistance accepted the provider’s vaccine recommendation after providers pursued it.  Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Average)  Study Rundown:...
Image: PD 1. Since the pneumococcal vaccine PCV7 was introduced in 2000, the US saw an overall annual reduction of an estimated 168,000 hospitalizations for pneumonia per year.  2. The greatest reductions in annual hospitalization rates for pneumonia were at the extremes of age with children < 2 years old experiencing...
Jan 28th - Released today, the AAP, CDC and the American Academy of Family Physicians have finalized 2013 vaccine recommendations. Image: PD In a statement released today: 1. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and the American Academy of Family Physicians have finalized 2013...