Pulmonology

Reports of high-impact pulmonology studies by medical professionals

Drug improves cystic fibrosis pulmonary inflammation and protein function [PreClinical]

1. Thymosin α1 (Tα1), an immunomodulatory drug currently in use, decreased lung inflammation in a mouse model of cystic fibrosis (CF). 2. In mice, administration...

Parenting intervention in African American youth yields lower cotinine levels

1. For children aged 20 years old, lower levels of serum cotinine were found in the supportive parenting intervention group compared to the control...

Evidence-based interventions for pediatric asthma successfully adapted for community health centers

1. Interventions for pediatric asthma management found to be efficacious in prior randomized control trials (RCTs) showed similar rates of success when implemented at...

Novel imaging agent could enable pulmonary fibrosis diagnosis and monitoring [PreClinical]

  1. A gallium-labeled, collagen-binding peptide (68Ga-CBP8) specifically identified fibrotic tissue via positron emission tomography (PET) imaging in two mouse models of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis...

Non-malignant extrapulmonary findings common in lung cancer screening program

1. In a retrospective review of over 17 000 patients in the National Lung Screening Trial (NLST), there was a high prevalence of potentially...

Canadians with cystic fibrosis have a significant survival advantage over American patients

1. After adjusting for risk factors associated with survival, Canadian patients had a median age of survival that was 10 years greater than in...

Despite guidelines, pediatricians vary in antibiotic choice for pneumonia

1. The majority of children in outpatient clinics were prescribed a macrolide antibiotic for treatment of community acquired pneumonia (CAP) despite clear guidelines recommending amoxicillin...

Tighter glucose control does not decrease ICU-free days in critically ill pediatric patients: The...

1. The study demonstrated that in critically ill pediatric patients, there was no significant difference in total number of ICU-free days up to day...

Long-term users of e-cigarettes have decreased carcinogen and toxin levels compared to users of...

1. Former smokers who used only e-cigarettes or only nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) for ≥6 months (long-term) were found to have generally similar levels...

No difference between therapeutic hypo- and normo-thermia with in-hospital cardiac arrest in children

1. In children who suffered in-hospital cardiac arrest, there was no significant difference in 1-year survival in those randomized to a therapeutic hypothermia group...
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