Pulmonology

Reports of high-impact pulmonology studies by medical professionals

Extensive cancer screening may not improve outcomes for patients with unprovoked venous thromboembolism

1. Although more extensive screening may detect more cases of occult cancer in patients with unprovoked venous thromboembolism (VTE) at the preliminary screening, it...

Levosimendan not effective in reducing postoperative low cardiac output syndrome in select heart surgery...

1. Compared with placebo, levosimendan did not reduce the need for prolonged catecholamine infusion, use of left ventricular assist device, or renal replacement therapy...

E-cigarette use linked to increased risk of cigarette smoking in adolescents and young adults

1. In this meta-analysis of available studies about youths’ use of e-cigarettes was associated with increased risk of initiation for cigarette smoking and past...

Benralizumab reduces oral steroid use in severe asthmatic patients

1. Use of the interleukin-5 receptor antibody benralizumab lowered oral glucocorticoid use while maintaining symptomatic control in patients with severe asthma on chronic oral...

Drug improves cystic fibrosis pulmonary inflammation and protein function [PreClinical]

1. Thymosin α1 (Tα1), an immunomodulatory drug currently in use, decreased lung inflammation in a mouse model of cystic fibrosis (CF). 2. In mice, administration...

Parenting intervention in African American youth yields lower cotinine levels

1. For children aged 20 years old, lower levels of serum cotinine were found in the supportive parenting intervention group compared to the control...

Evidence-based interventions for pediatric asthma successfully adapted for community health centers

1. Interventions for pediatric asthma management found to be efficacious in prior randomized control trials (RCTs) showed similar rates of success when implemented at...

Novel imaging agent could enable pulmonary fibrosis diagnosis and monitoring [PreClinical]

  1. A gallium-labeled, collagen-binding peptide (68Ga-CBP8) specifically identified fibrotic tissue via positron emission tomography (PET) imaging in two mouse models of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis...

Non-malignant extrapulmonary findings common in lung cancer screening program

1. In a retrospective review of over 17 000 patients in the National Lung Screening Trial (NLST), there was a high prevalence of potentially...

Canadians with cystic fibrosis have a significant survival advantage over American patients

1. After adjusting for risk factors associated with survival, Canadian patients had a median age of survival that was 10 years greater than in...
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