Pulmonology

Reports of high-impact pulmonology studies by medical professionals

Long-term users of e-cigarettes have decreased carcinogen and toxin levels compared to users of...

1. Former smokers who used only e-cigarettes or only nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) for ≥6 months (long-term) were found to have generally similar levels...

No difference between therapeutic hypo- and normo-thermia with in-hospital cardiac arrest in children

1. In children who suffered in-hospital cardiac arrest, there was no significant difference in 1-year survival in those randomized to a therapeutic hypothermia group...

Home and lab sleep study data may be similar for use in management of...

1. Patient outcomes for management of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) using manually scored cardiorespiratory data or oximetry and heart rate data were not clinically...

AKI associated with increased mortality among critically ill children and young adults: The AWARE...

1. The study demonstrated that acute kidney injury (AKI) is common in critically ill children and young adults, and is associated with increased mortality. 2....

Noninvasive respiratory support, methylxanthines among interventions that reduce re-intubations in preterm infants

1. In a meta-analysis of randomized studies evaluating efforts to reduce re-intubations and respiratory failure in preterm infants, non-invasive respiratory support and use of...

Low-intensity smoking associated with increased mortality

1. In this prospective cohort study, individuals who consistently smoked fewer than 1 or 1 to 10 cigarettes per day had increased risk of...

Pembrolizumab associated improved survival for NSCLC compared to platinum-based chemotherapy

1. Progression free survival and overall survival was significantly increased in patients who received pembrolizumab vs. patients who received platinum-based chemotherapy. 2. Treatment related toxicities...

Blocking fatty acid synthesis may curb lung cancer growth [PreClinical]

1. ND-646, a small molecule inhibitor of FASyn, an enzyme involved in fatty acid synthesis, caused reduced growth and viability of non-small cell lung cancer...

Levosimendan does not improve sepsis-related outcomes: The LeoPARDS trial

1. No significant difference was observed in 28-day mean SOFA score or overall mortality in patients who received levosimendan vs. controls. 2. A significant increase...

Long-term oxygen not linked with improved mortality in moderate COPD: The LOTT trial

1. There was no mortality benefit associated with receiving long-term oxygen supplementation in patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and resting or...
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