Pulmonology

Reports of high-impact pulmonology studies by medical professionals

Non-malignant extrapulmonary findings common in lung cancer screening program

1. In a retrospective review of over 17 000 patients in the National Lung Screening Trial (NLST), there was a high prevalence of potentially...

Canadians with cystic fibrosis have a significant survival advantage over American patients

1. After adjusting for risk factors associated with survival, Canadian patients had a median age of survival that was 10 years greater than in...

Despite guidelines, pediatricians vary in antibiotic choice for pneumonia

1. The majority of children in outpatient clinics were prescribed a macrolide antibiotic for treatment of community acquired pneumonia (CAP) despite clear guidelines recommending amoxicillin...

Tighter glucose control does not decrease ICU-free days in critically ill pediatric patients: The...

1. The study demonstrated that in critically ill pediatric patients, there was no significant difference in total number of ICU-free days up to day...

Long-term users of e-cigarettes have decreased carcinogen and toxin levels compared to users of...

1. Former smokers who used only e-cigarettes or only nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) for ≥6 months (long-term) were found to have generally similar levels...

No difference between therapeutic hypo- and normo-thermia with in-hospital cardiac arrest in children

1. In children who suffered in-hospital cardiac arrest, there was no significant difference in 1-year survival in those randomized to a therapeutic hypothermia group...

Home and lab sleep study data may be similar for use in management of...

1. Patient outcomes for management of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) using manually scored cardiorespiratory data or oximetry and heart rate data were not clinically...

AKI associated with increased mortality among critically ill children and young adults: The AWARE...

1. The study demonstrated that acute kidney injury (AKI) is common in critically ill children and young adults, and is associated with increased mortality. 2....

Noninvasive respiratory support, methylxanthines among interventions that reduce re-intubations in preterm infants

1. In a meta-analysis of randomized studies evaluating efforts to reduce re-intubations and respiratory failure in preterm infants, non-invasive respiratory support and use of...

Low-intensity smoking associated with increased mortality

1. In this prospective cohort study, individuals who consistently smoked fewer than 1 or 1 to 10 cigarettes per day had increased risk of...
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