Tag: ADHD

1. Infants born to mothers who used medications for treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) during pregnancy had increased risk of central nervous system (CNS) disorders, prematurity, and admission to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). 2. ADHD medication use during pregnancy was not associated with increased risk of neonatal mortality...
1. African American youth were less likely to receive adequate follow-up throughout attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) treatment. 2. Both African American and Hispanic youth were more likely to receive combined treatment, more likely to discontinue medication, and more likely to disengage from treatment when compared to white youth. Evidence Rating Level: 2...
1. A meta-analysis of recent studies revealed that stimulant use in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) was associated with longer sleep latency, decreased sleep efficiency, and decreased total sleep time. 2. Sleep latency was significantly increased with each additional daily dose of stimulant medication. The negative impact of sleep efficiency...
1. Children who were identified as moderate or severe selective eaters (picky eaters) were more likely to display of psychopathological symptoms such as anxiety, depression, and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). 2. As selective eating worsened on the spectrum, psychiatric symptoms because more severe. Study Rundown: Selective eating (SE) or picky eating is...
1. Enhanced care using motivational interviewing and positive parenting techniques improved symptoms in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). 2. Specifically, enhanced care improved scores in inattention, hyperactivity/impulsivity, oppositionality, and social skills in children with ADHD-consistent symptoms. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: Collaborative care has been shown to be an...
Originally published by Harvard Health. What Is It? Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), usually first diagnosed in childhood, can appear in a variety of forms and has many possible causes. People with ADHD probably have an underlying genetic vulnerability to developing it, but the severity of the problem is also influenced by...
1. Childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) diagnosis was not associated with changes in peak height velocity (PHV) or final adult height when compared to undiagnosed individuals. 2. Stimulant treatment for childhood ADHD was associated with a delayed PHV without a significant difference in final adult height when compared to those who...
Image: PD/CDC/ Debora Cartagena 1. Among adolescents, unmedicated childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) was associated with faster BMI growth after age 10 when compared to those undiagnosed with ADHD and without stimulant treatment. 2. ADHD stimulant treatment was associated with slower rates of BMI growth in childhood, faster growth in adolescence, and...
Image: PD  1. Children born to older fathers were more likely to develop adverse psychiatric and academic outcomes, including ADHD, autism, and psychosis, compared with their younger siblings.  2. The magnitude of the risk was dose-dependent with increasing paternal age.   Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent)      Study Rundown: In this population based...
Image: PD  1. Exposure to acetaminophen prenatally was linked with an increased risk of receiving a diagnosis of Hyperkinetic Disorder (HKD), being prescribed ADHD medications, or exhibiting ADHD-like behaviors.  2. Increased frequency of acetaminophen use during pregnancy, particularly in the second and third trimester, increased the aforementioned risk.  Evidence Rating Level: 2...