Tag: blood pressure

1. In this prospective cohort study, the higher rate of hypertension in black patients than white patients was most strongly influenced by a Southern diet in both men and women. 2. Other dietary and socioeconomic factors were also associated with the increased incidence of hypertension in black patients. Evidence Rating...
1. Team-based, multilevel implementation strategies were the most effective at reducing systolic blood pressure (BP). 2. Team-based care with medication titration by non-physicians, health coaching, and home BP monitoring shown to be effective at improving diastolic BP among patients. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: Hypertension is the leading risk factor...
1. By comparing the baseline blood pressures and BP trends of elderly individuals with or without subcortical or cortical microinfarcts at autopsy, the authors identified an association between a steeper BP decline and the presence of subcortical microinfarcts. 2. Cortical microinfarcts were associated with the presence of the apolipoprotein E...
1. In this case series of 12 patients with intractable epilepsy, deep brain electrical stimulation of Brodmann area 25 resulted in significant and consistent decreases in systolic blood pressure as compared to no blood pressure changes when stimulating any other structure. 2. During Brodmann area 25 stimulation, diastolic arterial blood...
Effect of Individualized vs Standard Blood Pressure Management Strategies on Postoperative Organ Dysfunction Among High-Risk Patients Undergoing Major Surgery There is currently a lack of consensus on how to best prevent intraoperative hypotension. Whether blood pressure (BP) management should be an individualized strategy, where the target threshold is adjusted to...
1. In a meta-analysis of randomized trials evaluating blood pressure control in patients with stage 3-5 chronic kidney disease (CKD), more intensive blood pressure lowering was associated with reduction in all-cause mortality. 2. In sensitivity analysis, trials demonstrating a greater blood pressure reduction were associated with greater reductions in all-cause...
1. The benefits of intensive systolic blood pressure (SBP) control to cardiovascular and all-cause mortality may outweigh the increased risk of incident chronic kidney disease (CKD) events. 2. For each cardiovascular event or death from any cause prevented during the study, 1.2 incident CKD events were noted, which may be...
1. In this prospective cohort study, measurements of orthostatic hypotension within one minute of standing were associated with higher odds of history of dizziness and higher rates of fracture, syncope, and death. 2. Contrary to existing belief and clinical practice, measurements done after one minute were not associated with history...
1. Among obese adolescents, hypertension was most prevalent in white individuals and least prevalent among African American children. 2. Hispanic and African American adolescents had the highest rates of hypertension regardless of body mass index (BMI). Study Rundown: Currently one third of the pediatric population in the United States is overweight...
1. There were no significant differences in the proportion of death and disability in patients with intracranial hemorrhage with blood pressures maintained at 140-179 mmHg versus 110-139 mmHg. 2. There were no significant differences in EQ-5D scores and hematoma expansion in patients with intracranial hemorrhage with blood pressures maintained at 140-179...