Tag: chronic pain

1. Higher frequency, intensity, and duration of physical exercise linked to lower risk of chronic pain in Norwegian University students Evidence Rating: 3 (Average) Chronic pain is estimated to impact around one-third of the population, and is a leading cause of disability worldwide. There has been mixed evidence on the link...
Physical exercise associated with reduced risk of chronic pain in university students 1. Higher frequency, intensity, and duration of physical exercise linked to lower risk of chronic pain in Norwegian University students Evidence Rating: 3 (Average) Chronic pain is estimated to impact around one-third of the population, and is a leading cause...
1. The authors of this prospective cohort study found that women who were denied a wanted abortion were found to have higher rates of chronic headaches and migraines. 2. There were no significant differences observed in reports of overall health or chronic pain among women who received a first-trimester absorption...
1. In this systematic review and meta-analysis of patients with chronic non-cancer pain, though opioids showed small improvements in pain, physical functioning, and sleep quality, these differences did not meet minimally important standards and diminished with longer follow-up. 2. There was no difference in pain or physical functioning for opioids...
1. In this pragmatic, randomized controlled trial, opioids did not result in better pain management or function compared to non-opioid treatments for patients with chronic pain. 2. Opioids resulted in more medication-related symptoms than non-opioid treatments. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Excellent) Study Rundown: Chronic pain remains one of the most difficult conditions...
1. Both modified cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and pain education (EDU) interventions were associated with improved pain in patients with disadvantaged backgrounds. 2. Post treatment pain demonstrated long lasting improvements in the EDU group and physical function was improved in both CBT and EDU groups. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown:...
1. There is some evidence that cannabis reduces neuropathic pain, but there is inadequate evidence for other pain types. 2. Possible harms of cannabis use include higher collision risk with acute cannabis intoxication, short-term cognitive impairment in long-term active cannabis users, and increased risk of developing psychotic symptoms. Evidence Rating Level:...
1. In this cluster-randomized trial targeting primary care clinicians (PCC) treating patients with long-term opioid therapy in safety-net practices, a multicomponent intervention increased guideline concordant care and lead to opioid dose reduction or discontinuation compared to the control. 2. Frequency of early opioid prescription refills were not significantly different between...
1. Significantly greater pain improvement was observed in patients in the intervention group compared to the control. 2. Patients in the pain-control intervention group demonstrated significant improvement in physical function. Evidence Rating Level: Excellent (1) Study Rundown: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a major cause of chronic knee pain, leading to global disability among...
1. Stepped-care intervention (analgesia with self-management strategies followed by cognitive behavioral therapy) was associated with decreased pain-related disability, interference, and severity in veterans with chronic pain. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: With the high prevalence of chronic pain syndromes in American veterans, it has become increasingly important...