Tag: health

Image: PD 1. Patients aged 20-39 years with heart failure were more likely to be African American and obese than heart failure patients in older cohorts.  2. All young patients were less likely to show signs of peripheral edema, rales, and less likely to report dyspnea.  3. The most common etiology of...
Image: PD 1. Patients with newly-diagnosed low-to-intermediate risk acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) treated with all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) plus arsenic trioxide experienced similar outcomes to patients treated with conventional ATRA plus anthracycline-based chemotherapy.  2. Patients with APL treated with ATRA plus arsenic trioxide experienced significantly lower rates of hematologic side effects...
Image: PD 1. Significantly lower non-urgent cardiovascular procedure rates existed among patients enrolled in a Medicare Advantage plan.  2. Geographic variations in cardiovascular procedure rates were equivalent in Medicare Advantage and Medicine Fee-for-service plans.  Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)  Study Rundown: As healthcare costs in the United States grow rampant and stress the...
Image: PD 1. Low serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25(OH)D) levels were associated with coronary heart disease events in Caucasians and Chinese participants.  2. Low serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25(OH)D) levels were not associated with coronary heart disease events in Black or Hispanic participants.  Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)  Study Rundown: Previous studies have...
Image: PD 1. Daily soy protein powder consumption for 2 years following radical prostatectomy did not reduce biochemical recurrence of prostate cancer in men at high risk of PSA failure.  Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent)  Study Rundown: Daily soy supplementation taken as a powder for two years was not shown to reduce...
Image: PD 1. 23% of adolescents (14-21yo) presenting to an urban emergency department with injuries suffered from assault reported firearm possession.  2. Only 17% of adolescents with possession of a firearm obtained the weapon legally. 3. Possession of a firearm was significantly correlated with male gender, illicit drug use and retaliatory attitudes.   Study...
Image: PD 1. Approximately half (47%) of parents surveyed were aware that ionizing radiation from head computed tomography (CT) scans could increase their child’s risk of cancer, although 63% underestimated the risk. 2. Almost all (90%) parents wanted to be informed of potential risks of ionizing radiation from diagnostic tests before...
Image: PD 1. The incidence of an oncogenic-type oral HPV infection acquired in one year was 1.7%.  2. Of men with oncogenic-type oral HPV associated with oropharyngeal cancer, more than half were cleared of infection within one year, with a median infection duration of 6.3 months.  Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)  Study Rundown:...
Image: PD 1. Women with Stage III/IV endometriosis undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) had lower rates of implantation and clinical pregnancy.  2. Women with Stage I/II endometriosis had lower fertilization rates.  Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)  Study Rundown: This study found that women with endometriosis experienced a higher incidence of adverse IVF outcomes....
Image: PD 1. Of pediatric trauma patients, 24.6% had at least one chronic condition. The most prevalent chronic condition were mental disorders, respiratory disorders, and nervous/sensory organs.  2. Pediatric trauma patients with chronic conditions had significantly longer hospital stay (5.2 days vs 2.5 days), hospital charges that were more than twice...