Tag: low birth weight

1. State Medicaid expansion was not associated with differences in overall rates of low birth weight or preterm birth outcomes. 2. There were improvements in relative disparities for black infants compared with white infants among the states that expanded versus the states that did not. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown:...
1. Providing very-low-income pregnant women with monthly restriction-free financial support and information on prenatal nutrition, breastfeeding, and healthy infant development had a positive impact on birth outcomes and infant care, including increased initiation of breastfeeding. 2. Fewer preterm births and low birth weight babies were born to the women that...
Image: PD 1. Infants born both premature and small-for-gestational age are at a higher risk for mortality 2. Data suggests that the highest relative risk for low-birth weight infants is in Latin America Evidence Rating Level: 3 (fair) Study Rundown: Low-birth weight infants are at a heightened risk for developing disease and having...
Image: PD 1. Low birth weight is identified as a risk factor for later life hypertension and chronic kidney disease (CKD). 2. Maternal health/nutrition, genetics, and prenatal/postnatal environment are risk factors for low birth weight. Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Fair) Study Rundown: Developmental programming is a theory that connects environmental effects during fetal...
Image: PD 1. Despite advances in obstetric and neonatal care, extremely preterm or extremely low birth weight children show continued neurobehavioral impairments at age 8. 2. Impairments were noted in general intellectual ability, academic skills, and behavioral outcomes, despite corrections for socioeconomic factors and neurosensory impairment. Published today, an Australian study comparing...