Tag: mortality

Gender differences in Twitter use and influence among health policy and health services researchers 1. Women’s voices on common social media platforms appear less influential and have less reach than their male counterparts in the health policy and health service research arena, suggesting that social media may re-enforce known gender...
1. In this prospective cohort study, higher 24-hour and nighttime blood pressure measurements were significantly associated with greater risks of death and a composite cardiovascular (CV) outcome. 2. 24-hour and nighttime blood pressure may be considered optimal measurements for estimating CV risk however, there was only a very modest improvement...
1. In this population-based cohort study, consumption of total, sugar-, and artificially-sweetened soft drinks was linked with an increased risk of all-cause mortality. 2. The consumption of artificially-sweetened soft drinks was also linked to an increase in death from circulatory diseases. Sugar-sweetened soft drinks intake was associated with death from...
1. Increases in body mass index (BMI) were associated with all-cause mortality among the Hispanic population included in this prospective study. 2. Abdominal adiposity was found to be a particularly strong major risk factor for premature death within this population, even after adjustment for BMI and hip circumference. Evidence Rating Level:...
1. In this prospective cohort study, higher 24-hour and nighttime blood pressure measurements were significantly associated with greater risks of death and a composite cardiovascular (CV) outcome. 2. 24-hour and nighttime blood pressure may be considered optimal measurements for estimating CV risk however, there was only a very modest improvement...
Association between heart failure and postoperative mortality among patients undergoing ambulatory noncardiac surgery Patients with heart failure are at an increased risk of experiencing postoperative adverse events and mortality. While ambulatory surgical procedures are perceived as being low risk, morbidity and mortality outcomes in this surgical setting have not been...
Patients with heart failure are at an increased risk of experiencing postoperative adverse events and mortality. While ambulatory surgical procedures are perceived as being low risk, morbidity and mortality outcomes in this surgical setting have not been well studied. In this retrospective cohort study, 355,121 adult patients with and...
1. In this large, prospective cohort study limited to women, increasing daily step count was linked with decreased mortality. 2. The above effect plateaued at 7500 steps daily. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Mobile devices have made step counting easier, and popular media has widely publicized the purported virtues of ‘10,000...
While numerous studies have previously examined associations between physical activity and mortality, cardiovascular disease and certain cancers, the majority of this evidence has been cross-sectional, single-timepoint data, or has relied on a single baseline physical activity assessment for correlation. Few studies have examined physical activity trajectories over time, and...
Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are widely used in the management of gastroesophageal reflux. However, several studies have demonstrated serious adverse events associated with PPI use including cardiovascular disease, acute kidney injury, chronic kidney disease, dementia, pneumonia, gastric cancer, Clostridium difficile infection, and increased risk of fracture. Recent evidence has...