Tag: mortality

1. In this large, prospective cohort study limited to women, increasing daily step count was linked with decreased mortality. 2. The above effect plateaued at 7500 steps daily. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Mobile devices have made step counting easier, and popular media has widely publicized the purported virtues of...
Malnutrition is a common occurrence in hospitalized patients. Current clinical practice guidelines recommend considering placing medical inpatients deemed to be at risk of malnutrition on additional nutritional support, but these recommendations are largely based on observational studies and physiologic rationale. In this randomized controlled trial, 2,088 hospitalized medical patients...
1. In this prospective cohort study, poor olfaction was associated with mortality in older adults 2. Poor olfaction was an independent predictor of mortality, separate from neurodegenerative disease, poor baseline health, and weight loss. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: It is well established that sense of smell decreases as humans...
1. In this systematic review and meta-analysis, more intensive compared with less itensive LDL-C lowering was associated with a greater reduction in risk of total and cardiovascular mortality in trials of patients with higher baseline LDL-C levels. 2. The greatest benefit from LDL-C lowering therapy occurred for patients with baseline...
1. In the US Burden of Disease Report, the leading causes of death were ischemic heart disease, lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), Alzheimer’s disease, and colorectal cancer while the leading causes of disability were low back pain, major depressive disorder (MDD), and diabetes. 2. The state with the...
1. Both a high total amount of sedentary time as well as its accumulation in lengthy, continuous stretches were linked to a higher risk of all-cause mortality. 2. Results suggest that guidelines for physical activity should be aimed at both decreasing and disrupting sedentary time in order to lower the...
1. Dietary quality, scored against three well validated dietary rubrics, as well as all-cause mortality were tracked in a large cohort of patients for periods ranging from 8 to 16 years. 2. A 20-percentile increase in diet-quality scores (across all three rubrics) was associated with a reduction of 8-17% in...
1. Coffee consumption was associated with a reduced risk of death from various conditions. 2. The relationship between coffee consumption and reduced mortality did not vary by country. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Recent studies have suggested that coffee consumption—one of the most commonly consumed beverages worldwide—is linked to lower...
1. Higher coffee consumption was associated with lower total mortality in African American, Japanese American, Latino, and white populations. 2. Mortality trends did not differ significantly between caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee consumption. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Understanding the impact of coffee on overall health is critical, as coffee is...
1. In this analysis of questionnaire data from surveillance studies in England and Scotland, the pattern of physical activity consisting of one to two sessions per week (termed “Weekend Warriors”) was associated with reduced all-cause mortality. 2. Both weekend warrior and more regularly active participants demonstrated similar reductions in cardiovascular...