Tag: obesity

1. This randomized controlled trial showed a mean weight difference of -2.86 kg at 24 months and -3.21 kg at 30 months in participants that received personalized online health coaching in comparison to electronic health record (HER) tracking alone. 2. Participants that received a personalized coach had higher satisfaction with...
1. In this prospective cohort study from France, consumption of ultra-processed foods (UPF) was linked to an increased risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D). 2. The association between UPF and T2D remained significant after accounting for other metabolic comorbidities and weight change. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)            Study Rundown: Dietary content has...
1. In this retrospective study involving South Koreans with no history of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), persons who developed metabolic syndrome (MetS) within the three-year inclusion period were at significantly increased risk of MACE versus those who remained free of the condition. Persons who had MetS at the...
1. Patients with obesity undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention are typically younger with more cardiovascular risk factors, but may be less likely to experience procedural complications, short-term and long-term adverse outcomes, with the exception of patients considered extremely obese Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) It has been well established that obesity is...
PD-1 blockade in advanced adrenocortical carcinoma 1. Pembrolizumab may provide clinically meaningful anti-tumor activity in the setting of adrenocortical carcinoma, particularly in tumors characterized by microsatellite instability and/or mismatch repair  Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Adrenocortical carcinomas (ACC) are rare and typically carry a poor prognosis, with the majority of patients presenting...
1. Maintaining obesity across adulthood, gaining weight from young to middle adulthood, and losing weight from middle to late adulthood, are all associated with an increased risk of all-cause mortality among community-dwelling adults. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) While it is known that high body mass index (BMI) is associated with...
Gender differences in Twitter use and influence among health policy and health services researchers 1. Women’s voices on common social media platforms appear less influential and have less reach than their male counterparts in the health policy and health service research arena, suggesting that social media may re-enforce known gender...
1. In this preliminary analysis of an ongoing randomized control trial, participants assigned to an energy-reduced Mediterranean diet with counseling and physical activity showed better adherence to the Mediterranean diet than those who only received instructions to undergo a traditional Mediterranean diet. 2. Energy-reduced Mediterranean diets led to greater improvement...
1. The risk of major cardiovascular events may be further reduced with the addition of fenofibrate therapy to statin treatment in adults with metabolic syndrome. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Metabolic syndrome is associated with an increased risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease; this risk is partly attributable to accompanying atherogenic dyslipidemia....
1. Young children in food insecure households had higher odds of caregiver-reported fair or poor health and developmental risk, compared with children in food secure households. 2. There was a significant association between food insecurity and obesity in only one age group; otherwise, there were no associations between food insecurity...