Tag: obesity

Use of accelerometer/pedometer-only and commercial health wearable-only were the most effective at reducing body weight in comparison with the other groups. Multicomponent accelerometer/pedometer and commercial health wearable-only interventions were the most effective at reducing body mass index in comparison to the other groups. Evidence Rating Level: 1...
1. Patients receiving tirzepatide (5, 10, or 15 mg) reported significantly greater reductions in HbA1c compared to daily insulin degludec at 52 weeks post-randomization. 2. Tirzepatide (5, 10, or 15 mg) was superior to insulin degludec for the bodyweight reductions at 52 weeks post-randomization. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: Current...
1. In this cohort study, higher maternal prenatal body mass index was associated with worse neurocognitive development in offspring. 2. Children born to women with higher maternal weight status should be followed closely for neurodevelopmental and behavioral concerns and referred appropriately for early intervention and support. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study...
1. A program that implemented behavioral and community-level interventions at community health centers, beginning in early pregnancy, significantly decreased the percentage of infants overweight at 6 and 12 months compared to infants at control sites. 2. The size of the program’s effect on children’s weight outcomes decreased between 6 and...
1. Standard BMI thresholds associated with greater risk of diabetes varied across 57 low- and middle-income countries depending on geographical region. 2. Younger individuals are also at greater risk of diabetes depending on geographical region, notably for men aged 25-34 in sub-Saharan Africa.  Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Body mass...
1. Mean BMI and obesity prevalence increased more rapidly between 2004-2010 than between 2010-2018. 2. Divergent trends were seen between urban and rural populations, males and females, and between socioeconomic classes. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)  Study Rundown: Due to rapid economic development in China, the general Chinese population has been noted...
1. Weight loss surgery was associated with significant improvement in both macrovascular and microvascular function across subgroups of sex, race, and metabolic syndrome in addition to effective weight loss. 2. Variation in vascular response to bariatric intervention across subgroups underscores heterogeneity in physiological responses to weight loss and potential activation...
1. Tai Chi was shown to be as effective as conventional exercise in reducing waist circumference in adults with central obesity. 2. A 12-week Tai Chi program maintained long-term patient weight loss with further benefits in mitigating reductions in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: Tai...
1. Among obese and overweight pregnant women, risk of early childhood obesity was not reduced by maternal dietary and lifestyle interventions during pregnancy. Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Average) It is well-known that maternal obesity increases the risk of childhood obesity and that dietary interventions during pregnancy can reduce gestational weight gain....