Tag: psychiatry

1. Aspirin use before diagnosis of primary malignancy is associated with decreased risk of developing depression, anxiety and stress-related disorders post-diagnosis.  2. Use of Non-aspirin NSAIDs were associated with a higher rate of depression, anxiety, and stress-related disorders. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Inflammation appears to contribute to the development of psychiatric...
1. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor use among children and adolescents with public health insurance was found to be associated with a mildly increased risk for the developed of type 2 diabetes mellitus. 2. The magnitude of this risk, overall, was substantially lower than that of other risk factors for the...
Anemia is associated with the risk of Crohn’s disease, not ulcerative colitis: A nationwide population-based cohort study 1. Anemia increased the risk of development of Crohn’s disease, inversely to hemoglobin concentration 2. Anemia was not associated with an increased risk of ulcerative colitis. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Though inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)...
1. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor use among children and adolescents with public health insurance was found to be associated with a mildly increased risk for the developed of type 2 diabetes mellitus. 2. The magnitude of this risk, overall, was substantially lower than that of other risk factors for the...
1. Environmental liability for schizophrenia moderated the association of stressful life events with mental and physical health. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Schizophrenia research has elucidated the roles of environmental and genetic liability as well as stressful life events (SLEs) in schizophrenia pathogenesis. However, few studies have illustrated the interactions of...
1. Causes of death reported on death certificates drastically underestimated dementia mortality burden by a factor of 2.7. 2. Non-Hispanic Black persons demonstrated significantly greater mortality burden than non-Hispanic White persons. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Dementia is a leading cause of death in the US and abroad, with Alzheimer’s disease accounting...
1. Internet searches related to acute anxiety rose significantly following the declaration of COVID-19 as a national emergency in the U.S., and returned to expected rates by April 15, 2020. Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Average) Mental health is a significant concern in the context of COVID-19 safety precautions. This retrospective study...
1. Many first-line agents for depression and anxiety – including specific SSRIs, bupropion, and especially venlafaxine – were associated with an increased risk of birth defects if used during early pregnancy. Evidence Level Rating: 2 (Good) The management of depression and anxiety during pregnancy is challenging, especially considering that they affect...
Robotic Approach to Paraesophageal Hernia Repair Results in Low Long-Term Recurrence Rate and Beneficial Patient-Centered Outcomes 1. The use of robotic techniques to repair paraesophageal hernias resulted in low rates of recurrence and had positive patient outcomes at five years. Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Average) Since the advent of laparoscopic surgery in...
1. Metformin was found to be safe and tolerable in survivors of pediatric brain tumors. 2. Metformin was associated with retention of memory and processing speed abilities, as well as a reduction of white matter loss. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) It is believed that endogenous neural precursor cells (NPCs) can promote...