Tag: psychiatry

1. In a cohort of older adults with mood disorders in the United States, electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) was associated with lower all-cause mortality and short-term protective effects on suicide risk.  Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)  Studies show that individuals suffering from mood disorders are at a greater risk for premature mortality....
1. In this randomized control trial, prospective assignment of patients to matched therapists was superior in improving mental health compared to random assignment. 2. Participants in the matched therapist group had significant reductions in symptoms, distress, and functional impairment. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Patients are typically assigned to mental health practitioners...
1. Pregnant individuals in Zimbabwe exposed to intimate partner violence during pregnancy were at increased risk of preterm birth   Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Preterm birth is becoming growingly prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa, contributing substantially to their infant mortality rate. Complications, such as sepsis, infections and cerebral palsy, have been...
1. Pharmacotherapy prescriptions for naltrexone, acamprosate, and disulfiram have been proven safe and effective treatments for alcohol use disorder (AUD) 2. Despite this evidence, pharmacotherapy remains underutilized in Manitoba as a treatment plan for AUD.  Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Alcohol use disorder (AUD) is a potentially devastating condition leading to...
Association of Tourette syndrome and chronic tic disorder with cervical spine disorders and related neurological complications 1. Individuals with Tourette syndrome and chronic tic disorder are at significantly greater risk of cervical spine disorders than unexposed individuals. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Isolated incidents of severe Tourette Syndrome or chronic tic disorder...
Association of emotion regulation trajectories in childhood with anorexia nervosa and atypical anorexia nervosa in early adolescence 1. Children who were found to have poor improvement of emotional regulation skills between 3 to 7 years of age were at increased risk for broad anorexia nervosa Evidence Rating: 2 (Good) Anorexia nervosa is...
1. In a cohort of adults from the UK, replacing sedentary behaviour with moderate-to-vigorous activity was associated with decreased anxiety and depression symptoms. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Sedentary behaviour levels, such as sitting or lying down, have been shown to increase in recent years. Some studies have demonstrated that...
Burden of ischemic stroke in patients with congenital heart disease: A nationwide, case‐control study 1. A nationwide Swedish study demonstrated that patients with congenital heart disease are at an increased risk of developing ischemic stroke compared to controls. Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Average) Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common...
1. Clinical visits for postpartum mental health illness increased in the first 9 months of the COVID-19 pandemic comparatively to pre-pandemic rates, peaking between 0 and 90 days after birth.  2. In Ontario, Canada, postpartum people living in low income neighbourhoods had less significant visit increases compared to higher income...
1. Healthcare providers were found to have higher compliance with COVID-19 preventative measures and had more positive attitudes towards their well-being compared to non healthcare workers. 2. Healthcare providers were more knowledgeable with regards to personal hygiene, personal protective equipment, and COVID-19 transmission than non health care providers. Evidence Rating Level: ...