Tag: smoking cessation

1. Smokers reported increased intention to quit smoking after seeing anti-smoking advertisements through television, cigarette packages, newspapers, and tobacco company websites. 2. There was no association with actual attempts to quit smoking. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Corrective industry-sponsored anti-smoking advertisements were court ordered in 2006 after a large lawsuit...
1. Smoking cessation without weight gain in patients with type 2 diabetes was associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease and all-cause and cause-specific mortality. 2. Weight gain after smoking cessation lessened the reduction in risk of experiencing cardiovascular events, emphasizing the importance of bodyweight control after cessation. Evidence Rating:...
The association of depression with subsequent dementia diagnosis: A Swedish nationwide cohort study from 1964 to 2016 1. There is a significantly increased risk of dementia in patients with previously diagnosed depression, with the highest risk observed in patients diagnosed with severe depression Evidence Level: 2 (Good) The prevalence of dementia is on...
1. Infants of mothers who smoked at least 1 cigarette daily during pregnancy had more than doubled risk of sudden unexpected infant death (SUID). After 1 cigarette, there was a linear increase in risk per daily cigarette. 2. Smoking before pregnancy also increased risk of SUID, whereas reducing use or...
1. Former smokers who used only e-cigarettes or only nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) for ≥6 months (long-term) were found to have generally similar levels of nicotine but considerably reduced levels of measured carcinogens and toxins compared to users of combustible cigarettes (either solely or along with e-cigarettes or NRT). 2....
1. Amongst women who quit smoking during pregnancy, an intervention consisting of cognitive behavioral therapy techniques to address post-partum concerns of mood, stress, and weight did not reduce relapse rates at 52 weeks compared to a control support intervention. 2. Smoking relapse was higher in those with more stress, depressive...
1. In this randomized trial, abrupt smoking cessation was more likely to lead to lasting smoking abstinence than gradual smoking cessation. 2. Participants who preferred gradual cessation were significantly less likely to be abstinent after 4 weeks than participants who preferred abrupt cessation. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: Quitting smoking...
1. Amongst Swedish university students who smoked cigarettes and were interested in quitting, using the NEXit motivational text messaging program doubled the rate of self-reported smoking abstinence (with occasional lapses) and improved complete smoking cessation, though to a lesser degree. 2. Motivational text messaging may have a unique role amongst...
1. No differences in smoking cessation rates were detected between patients who received nicotine patch monotherapy, combined nicotine patch and lozenge therapy, or varenicline, 6 months and 1 year after follow-up. 2. Both combination nicotine replacement therapy and varenicline were superior to nicotine patch monotherapy in reducing withdrawal symptoms. Evidence Rating...
1. From a systematic review, behavioral counseling, bupropion, nicotine replacement therapy and varenicline resulted in increased rates of smoking cessation, with varenicline demonstrating the greatest effect. 2. For pregnant smokers, behavioral interventions for smoking cessation were associated with higher birth weight and less preterm birth in addition to increased rates...