Tag: smoking cessation

1. Among adult daily smokers attempting to quit, cytisine treatment over 25 days failed to demonstrate noninferiority regarding smoking cessation when compared with standard varenicline treatment over 84 days. 2. Cytisine was well tolerated in this trial and had significantly fewer adverse events and cases of treatment discontinuation due to...
1. A combined smoking cessation intervention almost doubled the odds of expectant fathers achieving remission, compared to cessation advice alone. 2. Expectant fathers in the intervention group reported greater family harmony than the control group. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: Expectant fathers, or those who are expecting a child in...
1. In this meta-analysis, smoking cessation was associated with reduced symptoms of anxiety and depression. 2. Smoking cessation was also associated with lower stress, increased positive affect, and improved psychological quality of life as compared to individuals who continued smoking. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) For some, smoking cigarettes is a form...
2 Minute Medicine is pleased to announce that we are launching Wellness Check, a new series dedicated to exploring new research evidence focused on wellness. Each week, we will report on articles examining different aspects of wellness, including (but not limited to) nutrition, sleep, reproductive health, substance use and...
1. Smokers reported increased intention to quit smoking after seeing anti-smoking advertisements through television, cigarette packages, newspapers, and tobacco company websites. 2. There was no association with actual attempts to quit smoking. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Corrective industry-sponsored anti-smoking advertisements were court ordered in 2006 after a large lawsuit...
1. Smoking cessation without weight gain in patients with type 2 diabetes was associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease and all-cause and cause-specific mortality. 2. Weight gain after smoking cessation lessened the reduction in risk of experiencing cardiovascular events, emphasizing the importance of bodyweight control after cessation. Evidence Rating:...
The association of depression with subsequent dementia diagnosis: A Swedish nationwide cohort study from 1964 to 2016 1. There is a significantly increased risk of dementia in patients with previously diagnosed depression, with the highest risk observed in patients diagnosed with severe depression Evidence Level: 2 (Good) The prevalence of dementia is on...
1. Infants of mothers who smoked at least 1 cigarette daily during pregnancy had more than doubled risk of sudden unexpected infant death (SUID). After 1 cigarette, there was a linear increase in risk per daily cigarette. 2. Smoking before pregnancy also increased risk of SUID, whereas reducing use or...
1. Former smokers who used only e-cigarettes or only nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) for ≥6 months (long-term) were found to have generally similar levels of nicotine but considerably reduced levels of measured carcinogens and toxins compared to users of combustible cigarettes (either solely or along with e-cigarettes or NRT). 2....
1. Amongst women who quit smoking during pregnancy, an intervention consisting of cognitive behavioral therapy techniques to address post-partum concerns of mood, stress, and weight did not reduce relapse rates at 52 weeks compared to a control support intervention. 2. Smoking relapse was higher in those with more stress, depressive...