Tag: vaccine

Image: PD  1. Vaccination rates were low among women seeking prenatal care in Southeast Texas and demonstrated ethnic and racial disparities.  2. Women who had not initiated or completed the vaccination series were willing to receive a free injection in the hospital after delivering their baby.  Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Average)  ...
Image: PD  1. An outbreak of imported polio virus in China was stopped within 1.5 months of the index case with increased surveillance and five rounds of supplementary immunization.  Study Rundown: Twenty-one cases of infection with poliovirus type 1 were identified in the Xinjiang region of China between July 3 and...
Image: PD 1. Children given their first of two measles vaccines at 15 months of age or older had a significantly lower risk of measles infection during a recent epidemic than those given their first dose at 12 or 13 months. 2. Timing of the second dose of measles vaccine did...
Image: PD Influenza A (H7N9) virus 1. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) highlights the importance of annual vaccination for all children aged 6 months and older, particularly for those at increased risk of influenza-related complications. 2. The AAP encourages “cocoon” protection of patients < 6 months of age defined as vaccination of household...
Image: PD In this section, we will highlight the key high-impact studies, updates, and analyses published in medicine during the past week. Lactobacilli and bifidobacteria in the prevention of antibiotic-associated diarrhoea and Clostridium difficile diarrhoea in older inpatients (PLACIDE): a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicentre trial Microbial preparations have been proposed as a...
Image: PD  1. In a large cohort study, trivalent inactivated influenza vaccination during pregnancy was not associated with adverse obstetric events.  2. Women who were vaccinated against influenza during pregnancy were found to have a significantly lower incidence of gestational diabetes compared with controls, which might represent a manifestation of significant...
Image: PD 1. Since the pneumococcal vaccine PCV7 was introduced in 2000, the US saw an overall annual reduction of an estimated 168,000 hospitalizations for pneumonia per year.  2. The greatest reductions in annual hospitalization rates for pneumonia were at the extremes of age with children < 2 years old experiencing...
Image: PD 1.  Within 4 years of vaccine introduction, the prevalence of vaccine-type HPV strains (6,11,16,18) decreased by 56% in girls ages 14-19.  2. In the entire study population (women ages 14-59), the estimated vaccine effectiveness of at least 1 dose was 82% (95% CI, 53-93).  Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)  Study Rundown:...
Image: PD 1. Teenagers vaccinated with acellular pertussis (DTaP) in infancy were at a greater risk of developing pertussis than those vaccinated with whole-cell pertussis (DTwP).  2.  Each dose of DTap vaccine put children at higher risk for pertussis infection when compared to DTwP doses.   Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Fair)  Study Rundown: Although...
May 13 – 19, 2013 In this section, we will highlight the some of the recent high-impact studies, updates, and analyses published in the past week. Human Infection with a Novel Avian-Origin Influenza A (H7N9) Virus Reminiscent of past SARS or H1N1 epidemics, a new rapidly progressing lower respiratory tract infection leading...