Tag: weight loss

1. In this meta-analysis, orlistat, lorcaserin, naltrexone-bupropion, phentermine-topiramate, and liraglutide all had a statistically significant odds ratio of achieving 5% weight loss when compared to placebo. 2. Phentermine-topiramate had greater odds of achieving both 5% and 10% weight loss than other medications and had no increased occurrence of adverse events. Evidence...
1. In this randomized controlled trial, calorie restriction (CR) by 25% in non-obese healthy adults resulted in improved quality of life, mood, sexual function and sleep compared to an ad-libitum (AL) control group. 2. While the quality of life was improved in this study for non-obese individuals, the means to...
1. In a group of young-adults (18-35 year olds) with a BMI between 21 and 30, self-regulation strategies with small corrective changes in diet and activity, with or without an initial weight loss strategy, led to reduced long-term weight gain compared to a control group. 2. The study shows that meticulously...
1. Children counseled using a low-dose, higher frequency strategy ate more fruit and vegetables and had more active minutes than those counseled using typical low frequency, high-dose methods. 2. Compared to usual care, a strategy using frequent, low-dose support over a 2-year period was significantly more effective at reducing BMI...
1. Patients with higher levels of gut Akkermansia muciniphila may have had more improvement in metabolic health with calorie restriction despite lack of a difference in waist circumference. Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Average)    Study Rundown: Increasing evidence finds that predominance of certain bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract can have significant...
1. From this randomized trial, the opportunity to choose a diet plan did not improve weight loss. 2. Choice in diet program did not improve dietary adherence or weight-related quality of life. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: Adherence to diet plans has been shown as the best...
1. From a systematic review, Weight Watchers and Jenny Craig were associated with greater weight loss at 12 months than no intervention, education alone, or behavioral counseling. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: Two in three Americans are overweight or obese, and collectively, Americans spend up to $2.5 billion annually...
1. Parents using unlabeled fast food menus (those lacking information about calories in the food item) ordered significantly more calories for their children than those with labeled menus. 2. More parents reported that they would be “very likely” to encourage physical activity for their children when using the physical activity...
1. Among a large, racially diverse cohort of newborns, almost 5% of those delivered vaginally had experienced >10% birth-weight loss at 48 hours post-delivery. 2. Newborns delivered by cesearean section had greater weight loss than those delivered vaginally. More than 10% of these newborns experienced ≥10% weight loss at 48...
1. A 12-month weight loss intervention that treated overweight children and their parents concurrently produced greater initial and sustained decreases in the BMI of both parties, as compared to interventions that focused solely on the child.   2. Following completion of the intervention, parents and children in the Intervention group...