#VisualAbstract: Disease-Modifying Effects of a Novel Cathepsin K Inhibitor in Osteoarthritis

1. In this double-blind phase 2a trial, cathepsin K inhibitor MIV-711 did not show a significant benefit in reducing pain but proved effective in delaying structural changes associated with progression of osteoarthritis.

2. Biomarkers of bone resorption were significantly reduced in both treatment groups but returned to baseline levels after treatment stopped at the end of the study.

Evidence level: 1 (Excellent)

Study Rundown: Cathepsin K is a cysteine endopeptidase with the ability to degrade bone and cartilage through catabolism of essential matrix proteins including elastin, collagen, and gelatin. Progression of osteoarthritis is marked by such structural changes, but the effects of cathepsin K inhibition with relation to this condition are yet unknown. MIV-711 is a selective, reversible inhibitor that has substantially reduced biomarkers of bone resorption and cartilage loss in preclinical modeling and clinical testing. This study aimed to determine the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of MIV-711 in patients with symptomatic osteoarthritis, finding that while there was no significant difference versus placebo in patient-reported pain, function, and stiffness, patients in the treatment groups experienced significant reductions in cartilage thinning, bone area progression, and relevant biomarkers. Withdrawal of MIV-711 at the end of the study was associated with a noticeable rebound effect, supporting effective target engagement of the bone-acting agent. Adverse events occurred at similar rates across groups, and no serious adverse events were considered to be treatment-related. Patient adherence was high, but this study was limited by a short time frame that may have precluded the translation of disease-modifying effects to alleviation of symptoms.

Click here to read the study in Annals of Internal Medicine

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