Music therapy reduces anxiety and sedative requirements in the ICU

Image: PD 1. Conscious, intubated patients in the intensive care unit frequently experience significant anxiety, which can affect their clinical condition and often requires significant...

Varicella vaccine provides 14-year protection against chicken pox

Image: PD 1. The varicella (VZV) vaccine was 90% effective in preventing moderate to severe chicken pox over a 14-year period.  2. Risk of herpes zoster...

Remote ischemic preconditioning reduced myocardial injury in CABG patients

Image: PD  1. Remote ischemic preconditioning in CABG patients decreased myocardial injury in the first 72 hours after surgery. 2. All-cause mortality and rates of major...

Telemedicine screening for diabetic retinopathy may be cost-effective

Image: PD  1. Telemedicine screening for diabetic retinopathy is cost-effective in populations over 3,500 and under the age of 80. 2. The ratio of average cost...

Romosozumab significantly increases bone mineral density in postmenopausal women

Image: PD 1. Romosozumab, an anti-sclerostin antibody, significantly increased bone mineral density in postmenopausal women compared to placebo.  2. When given monthly at a dose of...

New guidelines for stroke prevention in women highlight sex-specific risk factors

1. The 2014 American Heart Association (AHA) and American Stroke Association (ASA) guidelines for preventing stroke in women highlight hypertension, atrial fibrillation and migraine...

H1N1 vaccine likely safe for pregnant mothers

Image: PD 1. Pregnant mothers vaccinated with the MF59 A/H1N1 vaccine showed no differences in spontaneous delivery, post-partum intensive care admission, perinatal death, or low-birth...

Prone positioning decreases mortality in severe ARDS (PROSEVA Trial)

Image: CC/JHeilman 1. ICU patients with severe Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) who underwent prone positioning had lower 28-day and 90-day mortality rates than those...

“Benign obesity” perhaps not so benign

Image: PD  1. Metabolically healthy obese individuals are at increased risk for death and CV events over the long term compared with their normal-weight counterparts. 2....

The 3C Study: Alemtuzumab may reduce acute rejection following kidney transplant

1. Alemtuzumab induction treatment significantly reduced events of biopsy-proven acute rejection (BPAR) when compared with standard basiliximab-based therapy (BBT).  2. Kidney graft function at six...
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