Adolescents with mental health problems at higher risk for e-cigarette use

1. High rates of externalizing mental health problems among adolescents were strongly associated with initiation of e-cigarette use, combustible cigarette use, and dual use...

Quick Take: Assessment of use of arteriovenous graft vs. arteriovenous fistula for first-time permanent...

For patients with end-stage renal disease, the type of hemodialysis access selected has a direct effect on complication rates and associated healthcare costs. Typically,...

Cold snare polypectomy with continuous anticoagulant use does not increase bleeding risk

1. In this randomized controlled trial, cold snare polypectomy with continuous anticoagulation does not increase bleeding risk when compared to hot snare polypectomy with...

Quick Take: A multicenter trial of vena cava filters in severely injured patients

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is common following major trauma. While delay in thromboprophylaxis initiation by more than 1 to 3 days is associated with a...

Quick Take: Small Bowel Healing Detected by Endoscopy in Patients With Crohn’s Disease After...

In patients with Crohn’s disease (CD), endoscopic evidence of healing after treatment is associated with favorable outcomes. Anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) agents have been...

Early revascularization improves survival in patients with ischemia demonstrated on positron emission tomography perfusion...

1. In this study of patients undergoing PET myocardial perfusion imaging, those with greater measured ischemia had improved overall and cardiac survival with early...

Longitudinal Associations Between Income Changes and Incident Cardiovascular Disease: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities...

1. Income drop is associated with a higher risk of subsequent cardiovascular disease, while income rise is associated with a lower risk of subsequent...

Association of Widespread Adoption of the 39-Week Rule With Overall Mortality Due to Stillbirth...

1. Following the Joint Commission’s adoption of the 39-week rule to reduce early, elective deliveries, there has been a marginal significant increase in the...

Safety and immunogenicity of the oral, inactivated, enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli vaccine ETVAX in Bangladeshi...

1. Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli vaccination may provide significant immunogenic benefits in young children and infants in low- and middle-income countries with minimal associated toxicity. Evidence...

Electronic health record-based weight maintenance coaching

1. This randomized controlled trial showed a mean weight difference of -2.86 kg at 24 months and -3.21 kg at 30 months in participants...
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