Pulmonology

Reports of high-impact pulmonology studies by medical professionals

Bronchial foreign bodies more common than tracheal foreign bodies in a pediatric population

Image: PDKey findings:Foreign bodies are encountered more commonly in the bronchi (85%) than the trachea (15%). Although they can often present similarly, this study analyzed...

No association found between third trimester maternal NSAID use and newborn pulmonary hypertension

  Image: CC/SageRoss1. Maternal NSAID use in the third trimester is not associated with an increased likelihood of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN). 2....

Terminal cancer patients hold misconceptions of the role of chemotherapy

Image: PDKey Study Points:Patients diagnosed with stage IV lung and colorectal metastatic cancer had misunderstandings of the true role of chemotherapy as a palliative...

Linezolid treats Chronic Extensively Drug-Resistant TB but has a high incidence of adverse effects

Image: PD/CDCKey study points:   1. Many patients with XDR-TB who did not respond to initial treatment regimens became culture negative at 6 months with addition...

Fibulin-3 shows promise as a new biomarker for pleural mesothelioma

Image: CCKey study points: Plasma and pleural effusion levels of Fibulin-3 were significantly higher in patients with mesothelioma compared to people exposed to asbestos and...

Decreasing incidence of heart failure observed in Ontario, Canada

Image: CC/JHeilman. Pulmonary edema in heart failure. Key findings:This study noted a substantial decrease in the incidence of heart failure in Ontario during the study...

Vitamin D supplementation does not decrease incidence of viral upper respiratory tract infections

Image: CCKey study points: 1. Vitamin D supplemented individuals showed no significant difference in number, severity, or duration of swab-positive URTI episodes when compared to...

Thalidomide shows efficacy as a potential anti-tussive for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

Image: CC/P.PathKey study points:1.       Thalidomide treatment improved cough-specific quality of life and decreased cough severity in IPF patients compared to placebo treatment2.       Thalidomide also...

Best Adjustment Strategy for Asthma in the Long Term (BASALT) study finds no difference...

Image: CCKey study points: ·The United States’ current standard of care for adjustment of inhaled corticosteroids in asthmatic patients does not differ in efficacy when...

[NATURE] Neonatal RSV infection associated with increased susceptibility to allergic asthma

Image: CC/CDC. EM micrograph of RSVPrimer:  Previous studies have demonstrated a strong association between recurrent Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) infections in neonates and the...
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