Pulmonology

Reports of high-impact pulmonology studies by medical professionals

Pediatric influenza burden remains high despite new vaccination recommendations

Jan 13th - Influenza vaccination rates for children aged 6 months to 5 years remained < 45% in the years 2004-2009. Image: PD/CDC. 1. Despite new...

No significant difference in mortality among premature infants treated with continuous positive airway pressure...

Jan 17th - There was no significant difference in a composite outcome of mortality or neurodevelopmental impairment among extremely premature infants treated with CPAP or...

[Physician Comment] Pneumocystis linked to Sudden Unexpected Infant Deaths

Image: PD 1.  84% of infants with unexplained death were colonized with Pneumocystis, versus 66% of infants whose deaths were explained. 2. Pneumocystis colonization was associated with...

Bronchial foreign bodies more common than tracheal foreign bodies in a pediatric population

Image: PD Key findings: Foreign bodies are encountered more commonly in the bronchi (85%) than the trachea (15%). Although they can often present similarly, this study analyzed...

No association found between third trimester maternal NSAID use and newborn pulmonary hypertension

    Image: CC/SageRoss 1. Maternal NSAID use in the third trimester is not associated with an increased likelihood of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN).  2....

Terminal cancer patients hold misconceptions of the role of chemotherapy

Image: PD Key Study Points: Patients diagnosed with stage IV lung and colorectal metastatic cancer had misunderstandings of the true role of chemotherapy as a palliative...

Linezolid treats Chronic Extensively Drug-Resistant TB but has a high incidence of adverse effects

Image: PD/CDC Key study points:   1. Many patients with XDR-TB who did not respond to initial treatment regimens became culture negative at 6 months with addition...

Fibulin-3 shows promise as a new biomarker for pleural mesothelioma

Image: CC Key study points:  Plasma and pleural effusion levels of Fibulin-3 were significantly higher in patients with mesothelioma compared to people exposed to asbestos and...

Decreasing incidence of heart failure observed in Ontario, Canada

Image: CC/JHeilman. Pulmonary edema in heart failure.  Key findings: This study noted a substantial decrease in the incidence of heart failure in Ontario during the study...

Vitamin D supplementation does not decrease incidence of viral upper respiratory tract infections

Image: CC Key study points: 1. Vitamin D supplemented individuals showed no significant difference in number, severity, or duration of swab-positive URTI episodes when compared to...

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