1. Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) levels in very early pregnancy were inversely associated with preeclampsia risk.
2. The inverse association observed between hCG levels and preeclampsia incidence was isolated to term pregnancies and severe preeclampsia.
Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)
Study Rundown: This study found that hCG level in early pregnancy was inversely associated with risk of preeclampsia. Findings of previous investigations suggest that low hCG levels in the 1st trimester and high levels in the 2nd and 3rd trimesters are associated with increased risk of preeclampsia. The present work is the first study to evaluate hCG levels during the initial phase of placental development, thereby allowing insight into how impaired placental development may be the pathogenesis of preeclampsia.
Findings are limited by inclusion of only women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF), as IVF is an independent risk factor for preeclampsia. Prospective cohort studies among women not undergoing assisted reproductive technologies treatments are merited to determine whether the observed relationship between hCG and preeclampsia applies more broadly.
Relevant Reading: Preeclampsia: the role of angiogenic factors in its pathogenesis
In-Depth [prospective cohort]: This study evaluated the relationship between hCG levels on day 12 after embryo transfer and preeclampsia risk in 2405 women undergoing IVF in Norway. Preeclampsia was defined as blood pressure (BP) ≥ 140/90mm Hg and proteinuria with dipstick ≥ 1+ or ≥ 0.3g/24h, with severe defined as BP ≥ 160/110mm Hg and proteinuria with dipstick ≥2+; preterm delivery; or delivery of a small for gestational age (SGA) infant. Incidences of preeclampsia, preterm delivery, gestational hypertension and SGA status were assessed.
Serum hCG was inversely associated with preeclampsia (p=0.02) and severe preeclampsia (p=0.01) in a dose dependent manner. Women with hCG <50 IU/L were more likely to develop preeclampsia (OR 2.3, CI 1.2-4.7) and severe preeclampsia (OR 4.2, CI 1.4-12.2) respectively, when compared to women with hCG ≥ 150 IU/L. Women with hCG <50 IU/L were also more likely to experience term preeclampsia (OR 1.9, CI 0.8-4.5).
More from this author: First trimester biomarkers screen for congenital heart defects, Cerclage outcomes similar in singleton and twin pregnancies, New sepsis scoring system aids in predicting morbidity in obstetric patients, Induction after 40 weeks in women with gestational diabetes associated with Cesarean delivery, Potential overuse of routine postpartum CBC
©2012-2014 2minutemedicine.com. All rights reserved. No works may be reproduced without expressed written consent from 2minutemedicine.com. Disclaimer: We present factual information directly from peer reviewed medical journals. No post should be construed as medical advice and is not intended as such by the authors, editors, staff or by 2minutemedicine.com. PLEASE SEE A HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IN YOUR AREA IF YOU SEEK MEDICAL ADVICE OF ANY SORT.