Tag: AIDS

Image: PD In this section, we will highlight the key high-impact studies, updates, and analyses published in medicine during the past week. Non-publication of large randomized clinical trials: cross sectional analysis Efforts, including the listing of industry affiliations and the listing of trials on clinicaltrials.gov, have been made to improve the transparency...
Image: PD 1. People living with HIV/AIDS had a 10 times higher relative risk of developing invasive meningococcal disease.  Evidence Rating Level: 4 (Below Average)  Study Rundown: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the infectious agent responsible for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), leads to decreased immunity and increased susceptibility of a multitude of opportunistic...
Image: PD  1. An infant received antiretroviral therapy (ART) 30 hours post birth due to high-risk exposure to HIV-1. The standard diagnostic criterion for HIV-1 infection was met and the ART treatment was continued until 18 months of age, when treatment was discontinued.  2. At 30 months of age (12 months...
Image: PD  1. Risk-reduction counseling at the time of rapid HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) testing was not associated with lower rates of incident sexually transmitted infections when compared to HIV testing with verbal information alone.  2. The additional costs associated with providing risk-reduction counseling as opposed to verbal information at the...
Image: PD In this section, we will highlight the key high-impact studies, updates, and analyses published in medicine during the past week. Efficacy Trial of a DNA/rAd5 HIV-1 Preventive Vaccine The quest for a vaccine to prevent HIV has not been satisfactorily successful thus far – only one efficacy trial has shown...
Image: PD In this section, we will highlight the key high-impact studies, updates, and analyses published in medicine during the past week. A Randomized Trial of Planned Cesarean or Vaginal Delivery for Twin Pregnancy Twin births have increased in prevalence with assisted reproductive technologies but continue to have significantly higher rates of...
Image: PD 1. In this randomized controlled trial, peer-led education concerning human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) using social media interactions increased use of home-based HIV testing among African American and Latino men who have sex with men (MSM).  Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent)  Study Rundown: Over 80% of HIV cases are MSM.  In...
Image: PD 1. HIV-positive infants started on antiretroviral treatment (ART) for 40 or 96 weeks had lower morbidity and mortality rates than infants whose ART was deferred until CD4 fell below 25%. 2. The ART regimen of lopinaviar-ritonavir, zidovudine and lamivudine produced robust reductions in viral load in all cohorts. Evidence Rating...
Image: CC/L. academia 1. The relative risk of death was significantly higher in patients who deferred antiretroviral therapy compared to those who initiated treatment early on 2. This finding remained significant after adjustment for independent risk factors of age, history of injection drug use and HCV infection Original Date of Publication: April 30,...