Tag: alcohol consumption

1. Increasingly restrictive state alcohol policies were associated with reduced odds that a crash fatality was alcohol related, both when blood alcohol levels were above and below the legal limit for driving in the USA (0.08%). 2. Both driving and consumption-oriented policies were independently protective against alcohol-related crash fatalities. Evidence Rating...
1. Mortality rates decreased for alcohol use disorders, self-harm, and interpersonal violence between 1980 and 2014. 2. Mortality rates for drug use disorders increased both nationally and in each county over the same period. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Substance use disorders (alcohol and drug use disorders), self-harm, and interpersonal...
1. A multisite, cross-sectional study found a large mismatch between previously diagnosed fetal alcohol spectrum disorders and the actual prevalence of cases identified. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are the leading cause of preventable intellectual disability. Despite how common FASD is in the US...
1. Girls who experienced pubertal maturation early in life and reported the least amount of parental supervision were at the highest risk for developing issues associated with alcohol consumption. 2. Adolescents who had the greatest issues with alcohol abuse at baseline saw the highest increases in parental autonomy granting over...
1. From a systematic review, E-interventions resulted in a small, but statistically significant reduction in alcohol consumption in college students after 6 months, but not 12 months, of follow-up. 2. In non-college students, E-interventions did not result in significant reductions in alcohol consumption at 6 or 12 months follow-up. Evidence Rating...
1. Stronger population-wide and youth-targeted alcohol policies were associated with reduced likelihood of youth alcohol consumption. 2. Adult alcohol consumption may mediate the relationship between population-wide policies and youth drinking. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)                        Study Rundown: Alcohol is the most commonly used drug among adolescents and is the direct...
Adolescents in the United Kingdom who were exposed to the most alcohol usage in films were more likely to drink alcohol and to drink more frequently than those with minimal exposure. Study Rundown: Previous research has displayed a link between exposure to alcohol use in films and both personal alcohol...
1. Minimum unit pricing was estimated to be 45-times more effective at reducing alcohol consumption levels than a ban on below cost selling. 2. Prevention of health harms was estimated to be 40-50 times greater with minimum unit pricing. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)       Study Rundown: In recent years,...
Image: PD 1. Alcohol consumption after menarche but before a woman’s first pregnancy was associated with increased risk of both breast cancer and proliferative benign breast disease. 2. The risk appeared dose dependent such that increasing alcohol consumption was associated with greater risk of breast disease.  Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown:...