Tag: autism spectrum disorder

1. Maternal preeclampsia at term was associated with an increased risk of neurodevelopmental disorders in offspring. Evidence Rating: 1 (Excellent) While the risks associated with preeclampsia are well established for the mother, the associated outcomes and risks for the offspring are relatively less well characterized. Preeclampsia has previously been linked to cerebral...
1. Acetaminophen burden, as measured by cord plasma samples, was associated with increased, dose-dependent risk of childhood Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Autism Spectrum Disorder. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Fetal acetaminophen exposure has been found to increase risk of neurodevelopmental disorders such as Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). However,...
Odanacatib for the Treatment of Postmenopausal Osteoporosis: Results of the LOFT Multicentre, Randomised, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial and LOFT Extension Study 1. The cathepsin K inhibitor odanacatib reduced the risk of fracture but was associated with significantly increased risk of cardiovascular events, specifically stroke, in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis compared to...
1. In a case-control study of children in the Military Health System database, congenital heart disease (CHD) and cardiac surgery were associated with higher odds of autism spectrum disorder (AuSD) diagnosis. 2. Odds of AuSD diagnosis were significantly higher in children with atrial septal defect (ASD) and ventral septal defect...
1. A meta-analysis of studies evaluating dietary interventions used in treatment of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in children found that omega-3, vitamin supplementation, and other supplementations were more effective than placebo in treating a number of ASD symptoms. 2. All types of dietary interventions had small effect sizes relative to...
1. A meta-analysis of studies evaluating dietary interventions used in treatment of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in children found that omega-3, vitamin supplementation, and other supplementations were more effective than placebo in treating a number of ASD symptoms. 2. All types of dietary interventions had small effect sizes relative to...
1. Pivotal response treatment (PRT) is an intervention designed to increase motivation to interact by rewarding effort with natural reinforcement. Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) randomized to receive 24 weeks of PRT showed improved frequency of functional utterances compared to children randomized to the control group. 2. Parents of...
1. Pivotal response treatment (PRT) is an intervention designed to increase motivation to interact by rewarding effort with natural reinforcement. Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) randomized to receive 24 weeks of PRT showed improved frequency of functional utterances compared to children randomized to the control group. 2. Parents of...
1. A case-control study comparing parent-reported sleep problems demonstrated increased odds for sleep problems among children with ASD compared to children in the general population. 2. Children with ASD also had higher mean parent-reported sleep problem scores and increased odds for sleep problems compared to children with other developmental delays/disorders...
1. Children who pass screening for autism spectrum disorders (ASD) at 18 months, but who later go on develop ASD display delays and atypical behaviors in social, communicative and motor domains at time of screening, as measured by instruments beyond the standard screening. 2. Females missed by early ASD screening...