Tag: cardiac arrest

1. In pediatric patients who experienced out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), bystander-initiated cardiopulmonary resuscitation (BCPR) was linked to better survival and favorable neurologic outcomes. 2. Conventional CPR was associated with improved survival and neurologic outcomes compared to compression-only CPR (COR), with infants under 1 years of age experiencing no benefit from...
1. In this case-control matched study, patients who received therapeutic hypothermia had lower in-hospital survival rates and fewer favorable neurological outcomes. 2. The 1-year survival rate was similar between those receiving therapeutic hypothermia and those who did not. Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Average) Study Rundown: Randomized clinical trials have demonstrated that out-of-hospital...
1. Patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) who met the following three objective criteria were found to have a 0% survival rate: OHCA unwitnessed by EMS personnel or medical team members, non-shockable initial cardiac rhythm, and no return of spontaneous circulation. 2. Using these criteria could assist in making decisions...
1. In this randomized controlled trial, administration of amiodarone or lidocaine did not provide a significant improvement in survival or neurological outcomes as compared to placebo in patients with shock-refractory out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. 2. There was a trend towards significance in the amiodarone vs. placebo comparison and it is unclear if...
1. Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OH-CA) is associated with below-average neurobehavioral outcomes with large variability in the severity of deficiencies 2. Older children suffering OH-CA appear to have worse neurobehavioral outcomes than younger children Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent)             Study Rundown: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is a rare...
1. From a prospective cohort study, half of all sudden cardiac arrests (SCA) are associated with prodromal symptoms, most often chest pain in men and dyspnea in women, in the minutes, hours, days, and weeks prior. 2. Emergency 911 call in response to symptoms occurred in about 20% of symptomatic...
1. In a study conducted using data from the Swedish Cardiac Arrest Registry, initiating cardiopulmonary resuscitation prior to the arrival of emergency medical services was associated with significantly higher 30-day survival. 2. This study also demonstrated that shorter time to starting CPR after collapse was linked with improved 30-day...
1. In a cohort of older Medicare beneficiaries who required acute cardiac care during times of major national cardiology conferences, high-risk patients admitted with heart failure and cardiac arrest to teaching hospitals had lower short-term mortality rates during times of conferences compared to non-conference times. The mortality amongst patients...
Image: PD 1. Initiation of hypothermia protocol for 24 hours after a cardiac arrest significantly improved neurological outcome in surviving patients 2. Patients who underwent the hypothermia protocol had a significantly lower mortality rate at 6 months 3. There were no significant differences in adverse outcomes between the two groups Original date of...
Image: PD. West Nile Virus In this section, we will highlight the key high-impact studies, updates, and analyses published in medicine during the past week. Targeting of Low-Dose CT Screening According to the Risk of Lung-Cancer Death Analysis of data from the National Lung Screening Trial (NLST), a randomized trial comparing the...