Tag: chronic disease

Diagnosis-wide analysis of COVID-19 complications: an exposure-crossover study 1. The most common complications associated with COVID-19 with high absolute risk were viral pneumonia, respiratory failure, acute kidney failure, and sepsis. 2. Complications highly associated with COVID-19 with low absolute risk were myocarditis, pneumothorax, and disseminated intravascular coagulation. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) During...
1. Sex- and location-specific differences among three cardiovascular risk factors were found to be associated with cardiovascular mortality. Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Average) Converging evidence suggests that sex and location are associated with the burden of arteriosclerosis. Most studies, however, focus on individual risk factors rather than sex-specific cardiovascular risk profiles....
1. Healthy lifestyle practices prevent premature death comparably between users and non-users of preventive medications Evidence Rating: 2 (Good) In the USA, cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cancer are the two leading causes of death. Preventive medications have been shown to lower the risk of CVD and some forms of cancer, but...
1. Current smoking was found to be associated with and increased risk of stroke among blacks in a dose-dependent relationship. 2. Former smokers did not appear to be at an increased risk of stroke when compared with non-smokers, suggesting a reduction in stroke incidence associated with smoking cessation. Evidence Rating Level:...
1. Mailers and telephone reminders together significantly increased the likelihood of completing cardiac rehabilitation at 12 months among individuals who have experienced a myocardial infarction. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Secondary prevention following a myocardial infarction (MI) is important to reduce subsequent morbidity and mortality. Though recommended drug regimens and cardiac...
Children with chronic illness had lower parentally reported general health scores compared to healthy children; however, life satisfaction scores were similar between groups. Evidence Rating: 3 (Average) Study Rundown: There is a high prevalence of children living with chronic illness in the United States, but limited research describing the...
Understanding the burden of health conditions in older adults in the U.S. is essential in addressing the healthcare demands of this patient population. This is of particular importance as the life expectancy in the U.S. continues to advance. In this retrospective cohort study, investigators analyzed data from 1998-2014 that...
Safety and Feasibility of Using Magnetic Resonance Imaging Criteria to Identify Patients With “Good Prognosis” Rectal Cancer Eligible for Primary Surgery: The Phase 2 Nonrandomized QuickSilver Clinical Trial For patients with rectal cancer, the strongest predictor of local recurrence is the circumferential resection margin (CRM) after surgery, with negative CRMs...
1. Of children with baseline high emergency department (ED) use, defined as ≥4 ED visits in one year, only 16% experienced sustained high ED use (≥8 ED visits) over the following 2 years. 2. Children with initial baseline high ED use and sustained high ED use tended to be adolescents,...
1. For patients with diabetes, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia, receiving care from a patient-centered medical home was associated with better medication adherence compared to a control practice located in the same service area. 2. These findings are an important consideration for physicians, policymakers, and health plans seeking to improve quality of...