Tag: chronic disease

1. Higher levels of exercise were associated with lower risk of death regardless of the level of exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5). Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Air pollution and physical inactivity are considered leading causes of death and disability worldwide. However, greater than 91% of the world’s population lives...
Association between self-reported importance of religious or spiritual beliefs and end-of-life care preferences among people receiving dialysis 1. Religious and spiritual beliefs of dialysis patients had an impact on their end-of-life care planning and resuscitation preferences. 2. An integrative approach to end-of-life care that takes into consideration patients’ religious and spiritual...
1. Mild-to-moderate alcohol consumption among those with cardiovascular disease does not appear to increase risk of mortality or future cardiovascular events. 2. Lower levels of alcohol consumption are associated with best outcomes. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) The relation between alcohol and adverse cardiovascular outcomes is not fully clear, with variability between...
1. Pediatric palliative care programs differed in regard to staffing, team composition, and services provided to patients, with many programs not meeting current practice guidelines for standard of care. 2. There were high rates of concern (63%) for clinician burnout amongst survey respondents. Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Average) Study Rundown: Pediatric palliative...
1. When a child is diagnosed with or meets the criteria of high risk for cerebral palsy, intervention should start as soon as possible. 2. Referrals for intervention across the various domains and associated impairments should be specific to the recommendations in this guideline. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: Cerebral...
1. A prospective cohort study showed higher adherence to the Southern European Atlantic Diet, rich in cod, red meat, and vegetables, was significantly associated with lower all-cause mortality in participants over 60 years old. 2. Moderate consumption of wine was also associated with lower all-cause mortality in this cohort study. Evidence...
Diagnosis-wide analysis of COVID-19 complications: an exposure-crossover study 1. The most common complications associated with COVID-19 with high absolute risk were viral pneumonia, respiratory failure, acute kidney failure, and sepsis. 2. Complications highly associated with COVID-19 with low absolute risk were myocarditis, pneumothorax, and disseminated intravascular coagulation. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) During...
1. Sex- and location-specific differences among three cardiovascular risk factors were found to be associated with cardiovascular mortality. Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Average) Converging evidence suggests that sex and location are associated with the burden of arteriosclerosis. Most studies, however, focus on individual risk factors rather than sex-specific cardiovascular risk profiles....
1. Healthy lifestyle practices prevent premature death comparably between users and non-users of preventive medications Evidence Rating: 2 (Good) In the USA, cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cancer are the two leading causes of death. Preventive medications have been shown to lower the risk of CVD and some forms of cancer, but...
1. Current smoking was found to be associated with and increased risk of stroke among blacks in a dose-dependent relationship. 2. Former smokers did not appear to be at an increased risk of stroke when compared with non-smokers, suggesting a reduction in stroke incidence associated with smoking cessation. Evidence Rating Level:...