Tag: cpap

1. Rate of treatment failure within 7 days of extubation was higher in patients that received post-extubation high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC), as compared to those that received nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) or nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP). 2. Histologic chorioamnionitis, treated patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), and younger...
1. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients have similar outcomes regardless of sleep specialist or non-specialist care. 2. Systematic review data for access to care and adverse events with OSA patient care was insufficient based on current studies. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: OSA is associated with significant morbidity and use...
1. Preterm infants receiving primary respiratory support had treatment failure at a significantly higher rate when treated with nasal high-flow therapy as compared with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). 2. Adverse events observed in both treatment groups were generally similar, though preterm infants treated with nasal high-flow therapy experienced a...
1. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) use did not decrease the incidence of the primary composite cardiovascular event end point. 2. CPAP did reduce snoring and daytime sleepiness and also improved health-related quality of life and mood. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is known to be...
In this section, we highlight the key high-impact studies, updates, and analyses published in medicine during the past week.  CPAP, Weight Loss, or Both for Obstructive Sleep Apnea Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and obesity are both independently associated with insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, hypertension, and inflammation. They are also strongly associated to...
1. There was no significant incremental improvement in CRP levels at 24 weeks for the combined CPAP and weight loss counseling group versus either intervention alone.   2. There was a suggestion of improved serum triglycerides and insulin resistance at 24 weeks for the combined intervention versus CPAP alone.   Evidence Rating Level:...
Image: PD In this section, we will highlight the key high-impact studies, updates, and analyses published in medicine during the past week. Tobacco Control and the Reduction in Smoking-Related Premature Deaths in the United States, 1964-2012 Fifty years after the initiation of tobacco control in the United States, the smoking rate has...
Image: PD In this section, we will highlight the key high-impact studies, updates, and analyses published in medicine during the past week. A Pharmacogenetic versus a Clinical Algorithm for Warfarin Dosing A Randomized Trial of Genotype-Guided Dosing of Warfarin Warfarin metabolism has been previously shown to be partially genetically determined with polymorphisms CYP2C9*2,...
Image: PD  1. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) use in individuals with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and resistant hypertension was associated with a decrease in mean 24-hour blood pressure and mean 24-hour diastolic blood pressure, but not mean 24-hour systolic blood pressure.  2. There was a positive correlation between the number...
Image: PD  1. Non-invasive continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) reduced rates of death or bronchopulmonary dysplasia compared with intubation in preterm infants.  2. CPAP was associated with lower rates of surfactant use and mechanical ventilation.  Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent)        Study Rundown: This systematic review and meta-analysis found that non-invasive...