Tag: diarrhea

1. In children aged 3 months to 18 years discharged from the emergency department (ED) with suspected community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), similar treatment failure rates were observed between children who received antibiotics and those who did not. 2. Secondary outcomes, including ED revisits within 30 days and parent-reported quality of life...
Child deaths due to diarrhea and malaria are not uncommon in many low- and middle-income countries. In resource-poor settings, community health workers (CHWs) have been instrumental in the delivery of a wide range of interventions, including nutritional, neonatal health, and maternal health interventions. The impact of CHW programs focused...
Suicide in older adults living in or transitioning to residential long-term care, 2003 to 2015 It is estimated that by the year 2050, 1 in 5 individuals will be 65 years or older. In addition to the growing number of seniors in North America, the rate of suicide has also...
1. The Incidence of diarrheal illness decreased by almost 50% among rural primary school children at low-cost private schools in rural India who received school health program interventions implemented by lay community members, compared to those who did not. 2. Intervention coverage rates exceeded 90% of eligible children, and children...

Patient Basics: Diarrhea

Originally published by Harvard Health. What Is It? Diarrhea is more frequent and more liquid bowel movements than normal. There are many causes. Diarrhea often is caused by an infection with bacteria, viruses or a parasite. Bacteria cause diarrhea either by invading the intestine or by producing a toxin that makes the...
Classics Series, Landmark Trials in Medicine
1. Fidaxomicin is non-inferior to vancomycin in achieving clinical cure of C. difficile infection 2. Fidaxomicin therapy significantly reduces the rate of recurrence and significantly increases the rate of global cure of C. difficile infection when compared with vancomycin therapy Original Date of Publication: February 3, 2011 Study Rundown: Clostridium difficile infection...
Image: PD 1. Compared with pre-vaccine rates, this retrospective study found rotavirus-coded hospitalizations decreased as rotavirus vaccination rates of US children increased. 2. Increased rotavirus vaccination use was associated with decreased rates of diarrhea-related health care utilization by both vaccinated and unvaccinated children. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Until the routine...
Image: PD 1.  In the first 7 days after administration of the first dose, the pentavalent rotavirus vaccine, RotaTeq, was associated with an increased risk of intussusception by 1.5 excess cases per 100,000 doses given. 2. The relative risk of intussusceptions was roughly ten times lower for the pentavalent rotavirus...
Image: PD 1. A novel prion disease caused by a truncation mutation, Y163X, in the gene encoding prion protein (PRNP) was identified. 2. Unlike other known human prion diseases, the phenotype of the PRNP Y163X mutation is associated with a non-neurologic presentation, widespread deposition of prion protein amyloid in systemic organs,...
Image: PD  1. Supplementation with vitamin D was not associated with a reduced risk of recurrent diarrheal illnesses in children 1 to 29 months.  2. The incidence of diarrheal illness was 3.46 and 3.62 episodes/year in young children with and without vitamin D supplementation, respectively.  Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent)      Study...