Tag: endocrinology

Vitamin D and the risk of dystocia: A case-control study 1. Compared ­­to women who had spontaneous vaginal deliveries, women who underwent caesarian sections due to dystocia had decreased vitamin D level. Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Average) Dystocia, otherwise known as difficult or obstructed labor, is either directly or indirectly responsible for...
1. Low iodine intake associated with decreased subfecundity, reduced fetal growth, increased preterm delivery, and increased preeclampsia. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) The thyroid gland is important in fertility for females and improper functioning has been shown to have adverse effects on fertility and pregnancy. Although iodine is known to be...
Insufficient maternal iodine intake associated with subfecundity, reduced foetal growth, and adverse pregnancy outcomes in the Norwegian Mother, Father and Child Cohort Study 1. Low iodine intake associated with decreased subfecundity, reduced fetal growth, increased preterm delivery, and increased preeclampsia. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) The thyroid gland is important in fertility...
1. A modestly lower carbohydrate diet neither increased ketonemia nor improved glycemic control in pregnant women Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Although meta-analyses have shown significant improvements in HbA1c and greater weight loss with low-carbohydrate diets in the context of type 2 diabetes and obesity, there is a lack of consensus...
Image: PD G protein coupled receptor 1. Loss-of-function mutations in Gɑ11 cause type 2 familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia. 2.  Gain-of-function mutations in Gɑ11 can cause autosomal dominant hypocalcemia Study Rundown: The calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) is expressed in two key regulators of calcium homeostasis: the parathyroid and the kidney. High levels of calcium...
Image: PD 1. Patients with a younger age of autoantibody seroconversion were associated with an increased risk of developing type 1 diabetes. 2. Patients with a higher numbers of islet autoantibodies were associated with an increased risk of developing type 1 diabetes. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: Type 1 diabetes is...